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13 terms

History Alive! Chapter 4

Why Europeans Left for the New World
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New World
name given to the Americas during the time of european exploration and colonization
Age of Exploration
a time in history when many explorers from Europe sailed the ocean to faraway and unfamiliar places like Africa and the Americas, in order to learn about them and make a map of the world
Archeologists
scientists who study human artifacts to learn about past cultures
Explorers
people who traveled to new and unfamiliar places in order to learn what these places were like and describe them with words, pictures and maps
cash crop
a crop that is grown in large quantities for sale to other people
crop
grain or fruit gathered from a field as a harvest during a particular season
ore
rock or earth from which metal can be taken
sonar
a device that determines the distance of an object under water by recording echoes of sound waves
astrolabe
an instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the position of the stars and planets
pineapple
a fruit found by Spanish explorers, they called in "pina de Indias" and later the English added "apple". So it was called pineapple.
deadly nightshade
a poisonous plant related to a tomato
tobacco
Explorers discovered this tall, leafy plant that could be dried and smoked. Many Native Americans and Explorers became addicted to it.
snuff
a powdered version of tobacco that was inhaled or chewed