20 terms

Ethics Exam Questions

Physician Assisted Suicide is legal in
Oregon, Washington, and Montana
In dealing with Medical Errors, how many states have the "I'm sorry" law, in which you can forgive a patient and not fear of being sued
A document in which a person gives directions about medical care, or designates who should make medical decisions for the person if he/she should lose decision-making capacity.
Advance Directive
Hospice Care may be provided in
Hospital, Long-term care facility, Patient's home,. All of the above
When a Physician acts directly, for instance by giving a lethal injection, to end the patients life that is known as
Active Voluntary Euthanasia
What is the term for a field of applied ethics, the study of moral values and judgments as they apply to medicine?
Medical ethics
What is an example of virtue ethics as it can be applied to medicine in terms of characteristics a medical professional should possess?
Compassion,Wise, Courageous,. All of the above
In the article "Invasions", by Peri Klass what does she reveal about Mr. Z's history that was talked about by several residents in the hospital?
That he contracted gonorrhea five years ago
In what type of euthanasia does a physician act directly, an example of this would be by giving a lethal injection to end a patient life?
In the article "A Daughter's Death, and a Quest for Answer's" what happens between the father and the physician's that were involved in his daughter's case that was unusual?
The father and physicians meet at Starbucks and discuss his daughter's case
All of the following are true regarding comas EXCEPT:
It is a profound or deep state of unconsciousness
B. An individual in a coma is alive but cannot move or respond to his or her environment
**** An individual in a coma does not require food or water
D. A coma rarely lasts more than 2-4 weeks
Which of the following is an argument in favor of physician-assisted suicide?
Respect for autonomy
One of the principles of the natural law theory is
Doctrine of double effect
Which of the following is NOT one of the elements of informed consent?
A. Disclosure
B. Comprehension
C. Competency
D. Respect
Correct answer: D
Which of the following is an example of an error of commission?
A. Failure to follow-up on tests
B. Delayed referral
C. Wrong diagnosis
D. Failure of informed consent
C wrong diagnosis
What is non-malifecence
a. requires that clinicians not make decisions resulting in patient harm, either through
acts of commission or omission.
b. based on the principle of respect for others, and the idea that people should make their
own independent decisions.
c. involves ethical and legal principles usually defined as a form of "fairness."
d. In healthcare, this often relates to "informed consent."
Which ethical theory does not have rigid rules; one situation can be resolved in multiple ways
and that flexibility encourages creative thinking.
a. Kantian
b. Feminist ethics
c. Natural law
d. Virtue ethics
Woman with an abdominal tumor. Physician advised her that it could not be examined except under anesthesia. She consented to the examination but explicitly stated she did not want the tumor removed. The surgeon removed the tumor without the patient's prior consent and against her explicit wish not to have it removed. The case is an example of...
a. Established that the duty to disclose risks of refusing a procedure is not different from the duty
to disclose risks of undergoing a procedure
b. that the amount of information to be disclosed is established not by medical practice or
standards but by the patient's need to know.
c. It is trespass. Every human being of adult years and sound mind has a right to determine what
shall be done with his own body
d. The standard for what information should be disclosed to patients is based on what a competent
medical practitioner would disclose.
What is advanced directive
a. after removal of life sustaining devices, a person is heavily sedated for comfort until death occurs
b. explicit instructions and guidelines regarding an individual's desires for treatment,

c. direct intervention by another person to cause death, for example, by injecting a lethal dose of a

d.comfort, and resuscitative efforts in the event of terminal illness or incapacitation.

I don't know
5. Reason(s) why disclosure doesn't happen
a. shame
b. increased medical malpractice premiums
c. licensure revocation
d. all of the above