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molecules that contain carbon, are complex, and are produced by organisms; carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acid
monosaccharides that contains Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen
a chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to produce water or another simple molecule
process that releases energy by breaking down glucose and other food molecules in the presence of oxygen
a chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other compounds; C12H22O11+H2O=2C6H12O6
parts of molecules that give those molecules certain characteristics; hydroxyl groups, carboxyl groups, amino groups, and phosphate groups
a functional group consisting of a hydrogen atom joined to an oxygen atom by a polar covalent bond. Molecules possessing this group are soluble in water and are called alcohols, -OH
a functional group present in organic acids and consisting of a single carbon atom double-bonded to an oxygen atom and also bonded to a hydroxyl group, -COOH
a functional group that consists of a nitrogen atom bonded to two hydrogen atoms; can act as a base in solution, accepting a hydrogen ion and acquiring a charge of +1, -NH2
a functional group consisting of a phosphorus atom covalently bonded to four oxygen atoms, PO4
polysaccharide that forms part of the exoskeleton of arthropods and other organisms, such as insects, crustaceans, fungi, and some algae
an organic acid that is contained in lipids, such as fats or oils, can be saturated or unsaturated
used of a compound (especially of carbon) containing atoms sharing more than one valence bond, liquid
a lipid that contains phosphorus and two fatty acids that is a structural component in cell membranes, creates barrier from water because phosphorous is hydrophilic, while fatty acids are hydrophobic
a type of lipid characterized by a carbon skeleton consisting of four rings with various functional groups attached
organic compounds made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms in the proportion of H:O-2:1
nutrients that help build and maintain body tissues, made up of Amino Acids, make up our appearence AND how we function
the first level of protein structure referring to the specific sequence of amino acids.
the second level of protein structure referring the regular local patterns of coils or folds of a polypeptide chain
the third level of protein structure referring to the overall, three-dimensional shape of a polypeptide due to interactions of the R groups of the amino acids making up the chain
the fourth level of protein structure referring to the shape resulting from the association of two or more polypeptide subunits
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