Medical Terminology Chapter 2
All terms besides roots.
Basic unit of life
forms the boundary of the cell
gel-like fluid inside the cell (outside the nucleus of cell)
largest structure within the cell, usually spherical and centrally located. Contains chromosomes for cellular reproduction.
located in the nucleus of the cell. 46 in normal cells except sex cells have 23.
regions within chromosomes, determine hereditary characteristics
comprises each gene; genetic material that regulates the activities.
group of similar cells that perform a specific function
produces movements (contract)
conduct impulses controlling and coordinating body activities.
Connects, supports, penetrates, and encases various body structures. Adipose, osseous, and blood.
major covering of the external surface of the body; membranes major tissue in glands
Two or more kinds of tissue that together perform special body functions.
A group of organs that work together to perform complex functions.
Composed of skin, nails, and glands. Forms a protective covering for the body, regulates body temperature, and makes Vitamin D.
Composed of nose, pharynx(throat), larynx(voice box), trachea (windpipe), bronchial tubes and lungs. Performs exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide within the body.
Composed of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. Removes waste material(urine) from body, regulates fluid volume, maintains electrolytes.
Composed of ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, and male system is composed of testes, urethra, penis, prostate gland. Responsible for hereditary and reproductive.
composed of heart and blood vessels pumps and transports blood throughout the body