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Chapter 18 Vocabulary terms

absolute monarch

a king or queen who has unlimited power and seeks to control all aspects of society

divine right

belief that a rulers authority comes directly from god.

Charles V

This was the Holy Roman Emperor that called for the Diet of Worms. He was a supporter of Catholicism and tried to crush the Reformation by use of the Counter-Reformation

Peace of Augsburg

1555 agreement declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler

Phillip II

Ruled wealthy Spanish Empire (1556-1598), promoted the arts, defended Catholicism, married Mary I, and fought England

El Greco

Spanish painter (born in Greece) remembered for his religious works characterized by elongated human forms and dramatic use of color (1541-1614)

Diego Velazquez

Greatest Spanish Baroque Painter.

Miguel de Cervantes

Spanish writer best remembered for 'Don Quixote' which satirizes chivalry and influenced the development of the novel form (1547-1616)

Sister Juana Ines de la Cruz

a mexican nun that wrote poetry, prose, and plays. was criticized by church officials for her belief that women had a right to education

Spanish Armada

the great fleet sent from Spain against England by Philip II in 1588


a French Calvinist of the 16th or 17th centuries

St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre

-Roman Catholics traveling in bands kill over 20,000 Huguenots
-Praised by Phillip II of Spain (former husband of Bloody Mary)

Henry IV

First Bourbon king of France, ruled 1589-1610, and converted to Catholicism from Calvinism to bring peace after the French Civil War. He passed the Edict of Nantes and was also assassinated in 1610.

Edict of Nantes

1598, decree promulgated at Nantes by King Henry IV to restore internal peace in France, which had been torn by the Wars of Religion; the edict defined the rights of the French Protestants

Louis XIII

king of France from 1610 to 1643 who relied heavily on the advice of Cardinal Richelieu (1601-1643)

Cardinal Richelieu

This was the man who influenced the power of King Louis XIII the most and tried to make France an absolute monarchy

Louis XIV

The French King who built the palace at versailles, The longest standing King of France "Sun King",, One of the most powerful monarchs of Europe, ruling 72 years. He was famous for his quote,"I am the state." Moved capital to Versailles which became a symbol of power.

War of Spanish Succession

This was the war between France and Spain in order to unite the two states under one ruler, Phillip V

Treaty of Utrecht

1713, ended War of Spanish Succession between Louis XIV's France and the rest of Europe; prohibited joining of French and Spanish crowns; ended French expansionist policy; ended golden age of Spain; vastly expanded British Empire

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