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APHG Ch. 6 Religion (Thom/Shetlar) 2018
Terms in this set (45)
View that God's existance is unprovable.
Belief that nature has a soul.
Ex: Trees, Sky, Mountains etc.
A group who denies or disbelieves the existence of a supreme being or beings.
A religion that does not have a central authority, but shares ideas and cooperates informally.
Religion founded by Baha'ullah who declared himself as a prophet of God/"the promised one". Teachings: World peace through unity of all religions, live a simple life, dedication to serving others.
A large and fundamental division within a religion
A religion based on the teachings of Siddartha Gautama (Buddha).
A social structure in which classes are determined by heredity. Used in the Hindu religion.
Chinese religion/philosophy of life; Focuses on ethical principals for the orderly conduct of daily life
Division of a branch of religion that unites a number of local congregations in a single body
Forced exodus of the Jewish homeland.
A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated.
Literal interpretation and strict adherence to basic principles of a religion.
A journey to Mecca for all Islamic people. This must be accomplished as the Fifth Pillar in the Islamic religion.
A religion in which a central authority exercises a high degree of control.
Polytheistic religion that began in India. No known founder. Caste system is part of their beliefs.
The religious faith of Muslims, based on the religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran. The basic principle of the Koran is absolute submission to a unique and personal god, Allah.
A religion that branched off from Hinduism and was founded by Mahavira; its belief is that everything has a soul, and its purpose was to cleanse the soul. Hearth is in India.
First recorded monotheistic religion. Does not believe that Jesus was Messiah. Holy book is the Torah. Hearth in Israel.
The tower attached to a mosque from which the muezzin, or crier, calls the faithful to prayer five times a day (Islam)
Someone who travels to spread their religion to others.
Belief in one God.
Christian religion founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 in New York; believe in the Bible and the Book of Mormon. (Officially called the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints)
A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.
Purposeful travel to a religious site to pay respects or participate in a ritual at the site.
Belief in more than one god.
Unholy; Showing contempt toward sacred things
Branch of Christianity that originated during the Reformation when Martin Luther broke off from the Roman Catholic Church.
Belief that the individual soul is reborn in a different form after death. This happens until the soul reaches enlightenment.
An area that has special religious significance or meaning that makes it worthy of reverence or devotion.
A relatively small group that has broken away from an established denomination.
Indifference to or a rejection of organized religious affiliation ideas.
An ethnic religion in which people follow their shaman (religious leader) who is believed to be in contact with the supernatural.
Determines how Muslims conduct their personal religious lives. Set of conducts that instruct and guide the every day Muslim life.
A branch of Islam that comprises 16% of Muslims. After Muhammad died, they believed that the leadership of Islam should be passes through his family to his cousin/son-in-law.
Ethnic religion with it's hearth in Japan. Modified by the introduction of Buddhism. Nature and the land-emperor are seen as divine.
Emerged in India. Founded by Guru Nanak Dev. Influenced by Hinduism and Islam.
Muslim Majority. After Muhammad died, they believed the next leader should be elected from those who were capable.
Chinese religion; The religion (philosophy based) evolved by Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu, that holds the belief that happiness lies in proper harmony with nature.
A form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler; run through use of religious laws.
The study of a religion(s).
A religion that attempts to be global, to appeal to all people, wherever they may live in the world, not just those of one culture or location.
A movement for the re-establishment of a Jewish nation in Israel.
5 Pillars of Faith
Fundamental beliefs of Islam - proclaiming Allah as god, praying 5 times a day, giving charity, fasting during Ramadan, taking hajj to Mecca.
The belief that actions in this life, whether good or bad, will decide your place in the next life. (Hinduism/Buddhism)
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