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16 terms

Bonding

Element bonding
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Valence Electron
an electron in the outermost electron shell.
Ion
a charged atom "can have a positive or negative charge"
Periodic Table
a chart used to organize elements
Energy Level
place in an atom where an electron is most likely to be found
Ionic Bonding
a type of bond formed by the TRANSFER of electrons
Covalent Bonding
results from the SHARING of electron pairs between two atoms
Period
name given to the rows in the periodic table
Group or Family
elements in the same column
Proton
positively charged particle in the nucleus of an atom
Electron
negatively charged particle; located outside the atomic nucleus
Neutron
a particle that has no charge and that is found in the nucleus of an atom
Oxidation Number
the number of valence electrons that an element loses, gains, or shares
Cation
name given to a positive ion
Anion
name given to a negative ion
Nucleus
center of an atom, protons and neutrons are found here
Isotope
atoms of the same element that have the same number of protons but different numbers of neutrons