Terms in this set (56)
Describe the columbian exchange?
Dramatically widespread exchange of animals, plants, culture, the human population (including slaves), and communicable disease between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres (Old World and New World).
What did the New World introduce to Europeans?
Corn, peppers, cocoa, beans, disease, tobacco, squash and pumpkins, tomatoes, peanuts, and potatoes.
What did Europeans introduce to the New World?
Sugarcane, grain, coffee, citrus fruit, bananas, disease, honeybees, cattle, pigs, and horses.
What were the economic motives for european exploration?
Expanding power through wealth and land and it was used for money, trade, jewelry; gold was highly valued.
What cash crop was the most important in saving the Virginia Colony?
What was the name of the Pilgrims colony?
What was the name of the Puritans colony?
What are the reasons the Pilgrims left Europe?
For religious freedom and to preserve English culture.
What are the reasons the Puritans left Europe?
Religious reasons, and economic oppurtunity during the wool problem.
What did Winthrop mean when he said his colony should be like "a city on a hill?"
They are in plain viee for everyone to see so they should be an example of how everyone else should be.
Why was Pennsylvania founded?
To create a colony that allowed for religious freedom.
What religious differences were there between the New Englang and Middle Colonies?
New England was mostly puritans and Pilgrims and the Middle colonies were more diverse and religiously tolderant and attracted a variety of immigrants.
Why did indentured servitude decline and slavery rise in the colonies?
Slaves were property and could be kept longer.
How was slavery different in the North compared to the South?
There was less slavery in the North. Some slaves could even work their way to freedom. The south depended on slaves for their cotton-run economy.
What was the "Middle Passage"?
The passage that Africans went through to America.
What was the primary cause of conflicts between colonists and Native Americans?
Europeans believed they were entitled to the land because they had a charter and Natives weren't using it but Natives believed it was their land so they were entitled to it.
How did mercantilists believe a nation could gain wealth?
By havinf high state power.
What impact did the Great Awakening have on the English colonists?
It provided arguments against British rule and underminded allegiance to traditional authority.
Why did the colonists begin resisting the British after the passage of the Stamp Act and Sugar Acts?
They were upset they had no say over the passage or enforcement because they had no representation in Parliament.
How did Common Sense impact the colonists during the push for independence?
It made them think of the king as a tyrant.
What was the timeline to independence?
French and indian war, Stamp and Sugar Act, Intolerable Acts, Common Sense, and Declaration of Independence.
What did patriots believe about freedom?
They wanted small government that was better able to protect rights
Why did Antifederalists oppose the ratification of the Constitution?
They wanted a government that wasn't like an empire and just wanted a bill of rights.
Government authority rests in the national and state governments.
Why were the Articles of Confederation a weak central government and need to be replaced?
9 of 13 votes to pass a law, 13 of 13 to amend, representatives were frequently absent, theycould not tax or raise armies, and they had no executive or judicial branch.
What was the purpose of the Proclamation of Neutrality?
To keep the U.S. Independent.
What transportation systems were built and/or improved during this time period?
Canals, steamboats, and the railroad (iron horse).
What factors drew people from farms in the country to factories in the cities?
Industrialization, and technological advances.
What was the Monroe Doctrine?
A doctrine that prevented Europeans from interferimg in Latin American political affairs and stop them from colonizing there.
Idea that God had given the entire continent to Americans and wanted them to settle Western Land.
What actions did the U.S. take to fulfill manifest destiny?
Aquisition of Oregon and Texas, farming new land to squatters, and treaty of hidalgo.
Who were the Five Civilized Tribes?
Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole.
How were the five civilized tribes invoved in the Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears?
They were forcefully moved from the land so the Europeans could have more land.
What was the Second Great Awakening?
An effort to revive people's commitment to religion?
What was the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention?
First time people organized for Women's Rights.
Why did Harriet Beecher Stowe publish the novel Uncle Tom's Cabin?
To change views on slavery and protest fugitive slave laws.
What was the purpose of the underground railroad?
To help slaves escape to start new lives.
Who was Frederick Douglas and how did he promote abolition?
An escaped slave who published an antislavery newspaper (North Star) and wrote an audiobiography which helped build support for the abolishment of slavery.
What is sectionalism?
Loyalty to one's own region of the country.
What event pushed South Carolina to secede in early 1860?
Lincoln being elected president.
Three parts of the compromise of 1850
Allowed California as a free state, Utah and New Mexico territory opened up for popular sovereignty, and slave trade was outlawed in Washingron D.C.
What did the Dred Scott decision decide when it comes to the movement of slaves into free states?
It made the Missouri Compromise Unconstitutional.
What was the Union's war time military strategy called?
The Anaconda Plan
Explain the parts of the Anaconda Plan?
Blockade confederate ports and sent gunboats down the Mississippi, make south gradually run out of resources and surrender, and capturing Richmond, Virginia.
What was the significance of the battle of Gettysburg?
Bloodiest battle of Civil War.
What was the significance of the battle of Fort Wagner?
First large scale black war experience with 54th massachusetts.
What did the 13th Amendment state?
What did the 14th amendment state?
All U.S. citizens treated and protected equally as in the Constitution.
What did the 15th amendment state?
All citizens have the right to vote regardless of race, color, or social class.
What allowed for the Freed Blacks in the North to fight in the Civil War?
The Emancipation Proclamation.
Four factors of the industrial age.
Natural resources, large population, new technology, and new enterprise.
What is a monopoly?
Control of an entire product or industry.
Why was nativism happening in America?
Immigrants started flooding in.
Making one culture like another.
Why did the government implement the Dawes Act of 1887?
To divide reservations land into Seperate, 160 acre plots.
Plessy vs Ferguson
Facilities could be seperate, but equal.
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