supreme court cases
Terms in this set (6)
Fletcher v. Peck
(1810) the Supreme Court struck down a state law as unconstitutional. In the Yazoo Land Fraud Georgia claimed a bunch of land from the Louisiana Purchase that it had no right to claim. Georgia then sold the land to speculators who sold it to farmers. The Federal government stepped in and takes back the land and tells Georgia to give back the money but the money will just end up with the speculators and not the farmers. The Federal government says that the farmers must be paid. This was asserting federal power over state power.
Dartmouth v. Woodward
New Hampshire attempts to make Dartmouth a public university. Implements a new board of trustees and gives important school documents to Woodward, the legislative representative of the state. Court rules in favor of Dartmouth by arguing that the school's original charter, an agreement between Dartmouth and Henry III, could not be compromised by the government of New Hampshire, and that they as such had no right to turn New Hampshire into a public university.
Cohens v. Virginia
1821. The Cohens were found guilty in Virginia of illegally selling lottery tickets and appealed to the highest tribunal. Their conviction was upheld, but all the individual states lost with this ruling, because Marshall asserted the right of the Supreme Court to review the decisions of state courts.
McCulloch v. Maryland
1819, chief justice john Marshall limits of the US constitution and of the authority of the federal and state govts. one side was opposed to establishment of a national bank and challenged the authority of federal govt to establish one. supreme court ruled that power of federal govt was supreme that of the states and the states couldn't interfere
Worcester v. Georgia
(1832) - invalidated law to regulate citizen access to Cherokee lands. Only fed govt had power to do that, tribes described as sovereign entities with exclusive authority and territorial boundaries. The Supreme Court decided Georgia had no jurisdiction over Cherokee reservations. Georgia refused to enforce decision and President Jackson didn't support the Court.
Gibbons v. Ogden
(1824) Ruled that only Congress has the power to regulate interstate commerce and thus state legislature does not have the authority to take part in the business activities that occur between states. The precedent set was that the Interstate Commerce Clause overpowered the rule of the state due to the Supremacy Clause.
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AP US HISTORY
APUSH Ch 8