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Terms in this set (21)
The winter of 1609 to 1610 was known as the "starving time" to the colonists of Virginia. Only sixty members of the original four-hundred colonists survived. The rest died of starvation because they did not possess the skills that were necessary to obtain food in the new world.
House of Burgesses
1619 - The Virginia House of Burgesses formed, the first legislative body in colonial America. Later other colonies would adopt houses of burgesses.
Headrights were parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists.
A religious group who wanted to purify the Church of England. They came to America for religious freedom and settled Massachusetts Bay.
A Puritan woman who was well learned that disagreed with the Puritan Church in Massachusetts Bay Colony. Her actions resulted in her banishment from the colony, and later took part in the formation of Rhode Island. She displayed the importance of questioning authority.
large landowners that settle in NY. Despite the loss of NY area claims those landowners kept their spots as did James's political supporters. This contributed to a highly factious society and colony.
An English quaker who founded Pennsylvania in 1682 after receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before. He launched the colony as a "holy experiment" based on religious tolerance. His goal was also to establish a place where people could live in peace and be free from religious persecution.
1607. Virginia company sponsored English colonization in Jamestown, VA. English men didn't want to work/build colony. IT was a swampy area-hard to grow crops. There was disease and disputes with indians. Once women arrived, tobacco was planted, and the colonists established trade with the indians the colony survived. This was the first permeant english settlement.
1580-1631 An English colonist who came to America in 1608 and helped to create the Jamestown Colony. He made an agreement with the Powhatan Indians. He encouraged settlers to work harder and build better housing. No work = no food Hard work = more food.
crop native to Latin Amer. Became popular in England after Columbus brought some back. Was vilified, but still popular and worrisome because was creating a trade imbalance with Spain. Was found to grow well in VA, family members. Sig- its profitability, uncertainty, and land and labor demands transformed Chesapeake society. (#1 territorial expansion)
1676 Virginian rebellion of frontiersmen (wretched bachelors) sparked by governor Berkeley's refusal to retaliate for a series of brutal Indian attacks on frontier settlements; killed Indians, chased Berkeley from Jamestown, and set fire to Jamestown; plundering and pilfering; crushed by Berkeley with cruelty of haging over twenty rebels; rebellion ignited resentments of landless former servants and pitted the frontiersmen against the gentry of the plantations; caused gentry to seek out African slaves
A Puritan group that was appalled at the corruption of the English church and decided to abandon it. They went to Holland, the New World, land in 1620 the set off for Virginia, but landed in Massachusetts. They called their settlement Plymouth and they people were called Pilgrims and made the Mayflower compact that created a legal authority and an assembly.
"city upon a hill"
A phrase that is associated with John Winthrop's sermon "A Model of Christian Charity," given in 1630. Winthrop warned the Puritan colonists of New England who were to found the Massachusetts Bay Colony that their new community would be a "city upon a hill," watched by the world.
An indentured servant was typically a young, unskilled laborer contracted to work for an employer for a fixed period of time, typically three to seven years, in exchange for transportation, food, clothing, lodging and other necessities during the term of their indenture.They included men and women; most were under age 21, and most became helpers on farms or house servants. They were not paid wages
A Model of Christian Charity. He was the Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1630. He is the guy that hid the charter. AMCC was a speech that gave intimate insite into his ideals. Pt 1 defined christianity and Pt 2 explained what is was to be a Christian in America. This works as a rallying cry. "A city upon a hill." He believed that Jesus would come back. 3 main themes: Perfect, they would light the entire world. Backed by a higher power. Unbelievable American Idealism.
"expressed two controversial views. First, he declared that the English settlers had no rightful claim to the land unless they purchased it from Native Americans. He called the royal charter that granted the lands a "National Sinne" and demanded that it be revised to reflect Native American claims. Second, Williams declared that government officials had no business punishing settlers for their religious beliefs. He felt every person should be free to worship according to his or her conscience"
the name for the people who are the ones who God has chosen to save in predestination. This is the belief of the Calvinism religion and that only these people can be saved and ordinary people cannot earn salvation. This belief was started by John Calvin in 1536 in France when he published "Institutes of the Christian Religion" and is still the belief of Calvinists today.
1620, A document signed by 41 of the male passengers on the Mayflower prior to their landing at Plymouth that agreed to form a body politic to submit to the majority's rule; This set the precedent for future constitutions to be written
A series of British regulations which taxed goods imported by the colonies from places other than Britain, or otherwise sought to control and regulate colonial trade. Increased British-colonial trade and tax revenues. The Navigation Acts were reinstated after the French and Indian War because Britain needed to pay off debts incurred during the war, and to pay the costs of maintaining a standing army in the colonies.
A set of principles that dominated economic thought in the 17th Century; it held the fact that the prosperity of a nation depended on a large supply of gold and silver. To bring in gold and silver, nations tried to have a favorable balance and trade. The balance and trade is the difference in value between what a nation imports and what it exports over time. When the balance is favorable, the goods exported are of greater value than those imported.
dominion of england
King James II thought that England was losing control of the colonies and feared that the colonies would not be able to defend themselves against France and hostile Native Americans. He appointed Sir Edmund Andros the governor of most of New England, which the headquarters was in Boston. The colonists opposed the dominion and when King James II was overthrown and died, Andros was arrested and sent back to England