Chapter 5 Judaism and Israelite Kingdoms
Terms in this set (27)
What is the name of the Promised Land?
They were monotheistic, believing in only one God.
How were the Hebrews different from other ancient people?
Drought in Canaan
Settled in Egypt
Moses warned pharaoh of 10 plagues
Pharaoh sets free
Wandered the Desert 40 years
Received the 10 commandments
Return to Canaan
Name the key points of the Exodus Story.
Influenced our laws today
Provided moral code to live by in daily life
Set forth religious expectations
How did the 10 Commandments impact the religion of the Hebrews?
Organized into 12 Tribes
Led by judges who direct battles, made decisions on law, & kept them united
How was Canaan organized and ruled after the Exodus?
monotheistic religion of the Jews
Promoted equality, social justice, and holiness of human life
What is Judaism?
Name Israel's 3 Kings (in order).
United tribes & defeated Philistines
Made Jerusalem the capital
What were some of King David's accomplishments?
Temple in Jerusalem
What was King Solomon's greatest building accomplishment?
Tribes were heavily taxed due to Solomon's building projects
North resented all the taxes
Kingdom split into 2 after Solomon died
Describe the disagreement between the northern and southern tribes of Israel.
50-year period in which the Israelites were exiled from Judah and held in Babylon.
What was the Babylonian Captivity?
He freed the Israelites from slavery because he ruled by religious tolerance.
Some Jews stayed in Babylon and others returned to Jerusalem and began building a Second Temple.
How did Cyrus the Great of Persia impact the lives of the Israelites?
Seleucid forced worship of Greek gods
Put statue of Zeus in temple
Maccabees led a revolt and won
Describe the conflict between the Jews and Seleucid Empire.
(invaders who worship Greek gods)
Romans forced worship of Roman gods
Zealots led rebellion & lost
Romans destroyed 2nd temple
Describe the conflict between the Romans and the Zealots.
Jews migrated to other lands to preserve the Jewish religion.
What is the Diaspora?
What gift from God are the Hebrews carrying in the Ark of the Covenant?
Back to the Promised Land (Canaan)
When they were released from Egypt's slavery, where were Moses and the Hebrews headed?
God promised Abraham and the Hebrews a Promised Land and protection. Abraham and his people must believe in only one God and obey Him.
Describe the covenant between God and Abraham.
What is the holy book of the Jews?
Celebration when the Angel of Death 'passed over' Jewish homes marked with the lambs' blood and spared the first born son
What is Passover?
To lie about someone, spread false information/rumors
What does "bear false witness" mean in the 10 commandments?
To desire something that belongs to someone else; to be jealous of others
What does "covet" mean in the 10 commandments?
On the eastern border of the Mediterranean Sea
Where is the Promised Land located?
The city and temple were destroyed.
What happened to Solomon's Temple after the New Babylonian/Chaldean King Nebuchadnezzar conquered Israel?
What is the name of the northern kingdom in the Promised Land after King Solomon's death?
What is the name of the southern kingdom in the Promised Land after King Solomon's death?
They directed battles, made decisions on policy, and helped keep the tribes united.
What was the role of the judges in the 12 Tribes?