Old Testament mid term
Terms in this set (111)
A person who denies the existence of God
one who believes that the existence of a god can be neither proven nor disproven
Belief in one God
Belief in many gods
a promise/agreement that god makes with his people.
The process by which God makes himself known to human reason through the created world.
The gift of God's self-revelation by which he makes known the mystery of his divine plan
a person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of the will of God.
The first sin committed by the first human beings
A central truth of Revelation that Catholics are obliged to believe
The Church's living teaching office, which consists of all bishops, in communion with the Pope.
Deposit of Faith
The heritage of faith contained in Sacred Scripture and Sacred Tradition
The living transmission of the Church's Gospel message found in the Church's teaching, life, and worship
The inspired Word of God; the written record of God's Revelation.
The account of God's saving activity and intervention on behalf of humanity.
What is St. Augustine's quote?
"Our hearts are restless until they rest in thee"
What does this quote mean - "our hearts are restless until they rest in thee" ?
It means that we are not truly happy without God.
St. Thomas Aquinas 5 proofs and explanation
1. unmoved mover- the world is an motion bc of God
2. first cause - You need a creator (God)
3. everything comes from something - you need something to start it
4. supreme model - we should follow his teaching bc he is perfect
5. grand designer - he designed this amazing world, very smart
The absence of good
The holy book of Christians.
Canon of Scripture
The list of the books of the Bible officially recognized as sacred, inspired writings.
The process used by scholars to discover the meaning of the biblical text
The special guidance that the Holy Spirit gave to the human authors of the Bible
Latin translation of the Bible
The first 5 books of the Bible. Genesis, Exodus, Deuteronomy, Leviticus, Numbers. The word comes from Greek "penta" meaning 5.
different kinds of writing determined by their literary technique, content, tone, and purpose
What are the names of the 2 main sections of the Bible?
Old Testament, New Testament
How many books are in the New Testament?
How many books are in the Old Testament?
Original languages of the Bible
Hebrew, Greek, Aramaic
Translation of the Bible
What was discovered in 1947 in the caves of the Dead Sea?
Dead Sea Scrolls
What language did Jesus speak?
Who said, "Ignorance of Scripture is ignorance of Christ."?
First Creation Story
7 day story which God uses water to create male and female at the same time.
Second Creation Story
Adam and Eve, garden of eden, original sin
Why did God flood the world?
Humanity had become totally corrupt and sinful.
Tower of Babel
A tall building proposed by the Hamites in order to "make a name for themselves." God responded to their challenge by confusing their languages, so the project could never be completed.
Who were Adam and Eve?
first man and woman, committed original sin
Who were Cain and Abel?
the two sons of Adam and Eve. Cain was older and a farmer; Abel was a shepherd. They made offerings to God, who liked Abel's lamb better than Cain's wheat. Cain was jealous and slew Abel, for which he was forced to roam as an outcast, with a horrible mark on his forehead that showed that he killed his brother. He said, "Am I my brother's keeper?"
Who was Seth?
third son of Adam and Eve
Who was Noah?
Builder of the Ark, Noah was a righteous man and blameless in his generation and found favor with God
Who was Shem?
Son of Noah who helped his mother after Hem rapped so Noah gave him a blessing.
Who was Ham?
Noah's son; his son Canaan is cursed because Ham looked on Noah while he was drunk and naked
Who was Japeth?
Third son of Noah who also helped his mother after she was rapped by his brother and Noah also blessed him
the male head of a family or tribe
A prayer asking God to care for a particular person, place, or activity. A simple blessing is usually made with the Sign of the Cross.
a right or privilege that you are entitled to at birth (first born)
The surgical removal of the male foreskin; it was the physical sign of the covenant between God and Abraham.
The promised land
Who was Lot?
Who was Eliezer?
one of Abraham's servant who he named his air bc he had not yet bore a son.
Who was Abraham?
The person who made a covenant with God and was promised decedents as numerous as the stars
Who was Hagar?
The slave of Sarai who she told Abraham to have intercourse with and she got pregnant
Who was Ishmael?
Son of Abraham and Hagar
Who was Sarah?
The wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac
Who was Issac?
Son of Abraham, leader/influencer for Judaism/Christianity
Who was Rebekah?
Isaac's wife and the mother of Esaú and Jacob.
In Egypt why did Sarah tell the pharaoh that she was Abrahams sister?
Because Abraham was afraid he would be killed
What information did three visitors tell Abraham and Sarah?
They said that by that time next year the would have a son
Why did Abraham and Isaac go up to the mountaintop and what happen there?
They went up there HC God told Abraham to sacrifice his son so he was going to but God stopped them and they sacrificed a ram instead
Why did Jacob get the birthright and blessing and not Esau?
Jacob tricked Esau for the blessing and Esaú traded his birthright for stew
Why did God destroy Sodom and Gomorrah?
Sodom and Gomorrah had turned rotten and evil.
Who looked back and what happened to that person when they were fleeing sodom?
It was lots wife and she turned to salt
What did Joseph's brothers do to him, were did he end up?
They sold him in men passing by and he ended up in Egypt
Why was Joseph imprisoned?
Pharaohs wife accused him of trying to sleep with her.
How did God help Joseph in prison
He earned him the guards favor
What gift did God give Joseph?
Joseph was given the ability to interpret dreams.
What happened when Joseph saw his brothers for the fist time in Egypt?
He spoke to them harshly and imprisoned one of them until the others brought back their youngest brother
How did pharaoh react when he found out Joseph's brothers were in Egypt?
He was happy and accepted them he also gave them land
Members of the tribe of Levi, the priests of Israel.
"I am who I am", Hebrew name for God
A ruler of ancient Egypt
Place were Israelites were imprisoned and held as slaves
A body of water separated by Moses to save his people, killed the Egyptians
Place were the Israelites wondered for 40 years
Place where God revealed the Ten Commandments to Moses
Desert of sin
Where the people grumble, wishing they were back in Egypt where there were "pots of meat," and where they "ate bread to the full." The Lord then provides Manna (Gen. 16:1-21).
River which Moses turned to blood
collection of ethical laws following the 10 commandments in Exodus
Day of Atonement
this is the holiest day of the year for the Jewish people. It is a day when Jews ask forgiveness for both communal and personal sins.
Another name for the Ten Commandments
an idol or any object, especially a material object, that is worshipped even though it is not worthy of worship
A sweet bread-like food that God provided for the Israelites in the desert
A gift of an animal for slaughter as a way to honor God
hardships sent by God because pharaoh would not release the Israelites from slavery
The portable sanctuary in which the Jews carried the Ark of the Covenant throughout their travels in the desert.
A time for Jews to remember the Exodus
After the death of Joseph and his brothers who took over Egypt?
A pharaoh who did not know Joseph
Why did Moses flee Egypt?
He killed an Egyptian
How did Moses respond to God at the burning bush?
He told God to send someone else because he said he wasn't worthy
How did the Israelites beat the army of amalek
Moses held up his hand through the whole battle
land was not to be farmed, debts were to be forgiven and slaves were to be let go every seventh year
a special year of prayer and pilgrimage in the Catholic Church that takes place every fifty years; also called a holy year
don't consume blood (prey) 7 pairs on Noah's arc
consume blood (predators) 2 pairs on Noah's arc
How many scouts were there?
Who were the scouts?
They were chieftains of each of the 12 tribes
What did the scouts do
They went to the land of Canaan to see if it was fit for the Israelites
Where did the scouts go
Why did the scouts go
Cause Moses sent them
What were the duties of the Levites?
They were priests
Who was in charge of the tabernacle?
The Levites were.
What complaints were made by the Israelites?
They wanted food, they wanted a new leader, more water, and less bitter water
How did the Israelites recover from snake bite?
Moses made a bronze snake by Gods orders and anyone who looked at it would survive
Why Moses and Aaron were denied entrance to the promise land?
Moses and Aaron did not truly believe in Gods powers when it came to getting water from the rock
Who was the Israelites new leader?
Who made it to the promise land?
Joshua and Caleb
Who gives a farewell address?