Unit 4: Modern America Emerges
Terms in this set (35)
By 1900 in the United States, the following had occurred:
Rise of Industry -> Rapid Urbanization
Mechanization -> Industrial Production increase
Over half of the nation's industrial labor force was foreign born.
In the early 1900s, the progressive movement began ___
when political reformers aimed to restore economic opportunities in america and correct injustices.
All progressive efforts during this time shared at least one of the following goals.
Protecting social welfare
Promoting moral improvement
Creating economic reform
(Protecting Social Welfare) Many social welfare reformers worked to soften some of the harsh conditions of industrialization which include ___.
YMCA (Young Men's Christian Association)
(Promoting Moral Improvement) Some reform movements revolved around wanting immigrants and poor city dwellers to uplift themselves by improving personal behavior which include ____.
WCTU (Women's Christian Temperance Movement)
(Creating Economic Reform) One reform movement was based around question capitalism whose efforts include ____.
Promoting socialism (benefits the poor)
Muckrackers (journalists who write about corrupt sides of businesses)
(Fostering Efficiency) Many progressive leaders put their faith in experts and scientific principles to make society and the workplace more efficient whose efforts include __
Limiting working day hours
Frederick Winslow Taylor
Used time and motion studies to improve efficiency by breaking down manufacturing tasks into smaller parts
Robert M. La Follette
He led the way in regulating big business in Wisconsin, served three terms as governor before entering U.S. Senate as 1906, targeted railroad industry.
Bunting V. Oregon
Limited the work day to 10 hours
A bill made by regular people than by the government.
A vote on the initiative.
A special election to take a elective official out of office.
Gives voters more power to elect officials.
Senators will now be chose by the PEOPLE instead of the PARTY BOSSES
Wrote a book called "The Jungle" about the unsanitary conditions of meat packing plants
Theodore Roosevelt (Republican then B.M.)
The platform that you can speak out on legislation, used to influence the media
Wanted to protect common people from big businesses
Sought to break apart trust that hurt public interests
Head of U.S. Forest Service under President Roosevelt, believed that wilderness areas could be scientifically managed to yield public enjoyment while allowing private development.
William Howard Taft (Not as Progressive as Roosevelt) (Republican)
Payne-Aldrich Tariff (Made people believe he wasn't progressive)
Richard a. Ballinger (Took 1,000,000 acres of land and gave it to public domain)
Republican Party Splits
Bull Moose Party
Led by Theodore Roosevelt, part of the split of the republican party
Woodrow Wilson (Progressive)
Triple Wall of Privilege (Trusts, Tariffs, High Finances)
Established New Tax System (Decreased Tariffs)
Laid out his Fourteen Points to keep peace in Europe after WW1, kept us out of war
Clayton Antitrust Act of 1914
Prohibited companies from buying stock of another company if it created a monopoly.
Legalized a federal income tax
Federal Reserve System
Decentralized private banking system
Five tactics of Carrie Chapman Catt (Suffrage Leader)
Close ties between local, state, and national officials
Establish a wide base of support
Cautious lobbying (seek to influence (a politician or public official) on an issue.)
Gracious, ladylike behavior
Gives women the right to vote
Wilson and Progressivism
Limited by his failure to introduce social reform
Business Leaders opposed granting women the right to vote
Women would support prohibition and vote for restrictions on child labor.
National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
Founded by Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton to help gain voting rights for women.
Women had ____ rights after the civil war.
A United States federal law enacted in 1883 that mandated that positions within the federal government should be awarded on the basis of merit instead of political affiliation.
Pure Food and Drug Act
For preventing the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated or misbranded or poisonous or deleterious foods, drugs, medicines, and liquors, and for regulating traffic therein, and for other purposes.