Grammar - Nouns

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what are the three ways that you can classify nouns?
Proper (capital letters) and Common ; Concrete (touch) and Abstract; Count and Non-Count (stuff)
What is L1 interference?
learner confusion because the split between count and non-count nouns is different in their native language e.g. in french you can have 'a bread'
what nouns can the indefinite article be used with?
count nouns
what kind of nouns can demonstrative pronouns be used with?
both, but only us the singular form with non-count.
what is the typical sentence structure?
subject-verb-object
what does a clause have to have?
subject and verb
what are subjects and objects always?
things
what links clauses?
conjunctions
what do pronouns do?
stand in for nouns
what is the difference between nouns and pronouns?
nouns don't usually change if the subject or object changes. pronouns do.
what are the subject pronouns?
I : we
you : you
he/she/it : they
what are the object pronouns?
me : us
you : you
him/her/it : them
what are the relative pronouns?
Who, Whom, Which, Whose, That
when are relative pronouns used?
to introduce relative clauses
what is a relative clause
a type of subordinate clause that modifies the noun.
what is a gerund?
a noun that looks like a verb, usually ending in -ing.