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31 terms

Chapter 14 China study guide

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Li Bo
poet from the Tang dynasty
Confucius
Chinese philosopher, lived 1000 years before the song dynasty, taught concern for others and acting appropriatly
Mongols
nomadic people who came from the plains north of China
Zheng He
the greatest sailor of the Ming dynasty, his voyages demonstrated how powerful China was
civil servants
people who work for the government
Kublai Khan
Mongol ruler, didnt force the Chinese to learn or adopt the Mongol way of life
Li Quingzhao
China's greatest female poet, lived during the Song dynasty
Yang Jian
reunified China after the period of disunion, emperor of the Sui dynasty
Ghengis Khan
universal ruler, led the attacks where entire populations were wiped out
Marco Polo
Italian merchant, told Europeans that China was highly civilized
scholar official
an educated member of the government
Chang'an
Tang dynasty's capital, largest city in the world
Period of Disunion
time of disorder that followed the collapse of the Han, cultures of the Mongol invaders and the Chinese culturecombined to form a new culture
Sui dynasty
reunified China after Period of Disunion, started Grand Canal
Tang dynasty
along with the Song dynasty, were periods of great wealth, progress, artists, and writers
Ming dynasty
built forbidden city, ended Mongol rule, started isolationism
bureaucracy
a body of unelected government officials
Confucianism
stressed ethical behavior, official state philosophy of the Han dynasty
Buddhism
official policy adopted during the Song dynasty, originated in India, where people could escape suffering
Neo Confucianism
ethical behavior, concern for spiritual matters
isolationism
avioding contact with other countries
Grand Canal
built to transport rice and other farm products to the cities
Great Wall of China
2000 miles long, completed during the Ming dynasty
Forbidden city
large complex of elaborate buildings, symbol of China's glory
dragon backbone pump
farming device invented durin the Song dynasty
moveable type
allowed a printer to reuse and rearrange words and letters to create different pages
woodblock printing
allowed Chinese to copy and print texts and drawings quickly and in large quantities
porcelain
a thin, beautiful type of pottery
Chinese exports
tea, rice, jade, silk, and pocelain
What were the cities like during the Tang and Son dynasties?
the cities were crowded and busy, people from different cultures lived there
How did the Grand Canal affect trade in China?
large amounts of goods were carried on it, it allowed them to move ffrom the farms to the cities