21 terms

Eye disorder flashcards for the Complete Idiot #2: Glaucoma, eye drops, detached retina/curtain/spots/bleeding, hyphema, positions, Cyclopentolate, applying pressure to the nasolacrimal duct. CA LVN NCLEX. LPN. Nursing.

20 questions about: Glaucoma, eye drops, detached retina/curtain/spots/bleeding, hyphema, positions, Cyclopentolate, applying pressure to the nasolacrimal duct, scotoma. Good for Nursing students & ppl taking LVN LPN NCLEX. Part of my 1,500 'EZ' series Nursing cards.
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Is vision loss d/t Glaucoma reversible or irreversible?
Irreversible
Glaucoma Pts will have to take this for the rest of their lives:
Eye drops
A "curtain falling across the eye"/"shadow" is a S/S of this:
A detached retina.
This is a s/s of a detached retina:
"A curtain falling across the eye"/"shadow".
Is there pain or no pain assoc. w/a detached retina?
No pain
W/a detached retina, this S/S indicates bleeding:
A sudden burst of black spots or floaters.
This is the term for the presence of blood in the anterior chamber (d/t a force breaks interior eye blood vessels):
Hyphema
Put the Pt w/Hyphema (blood in the anterior chamber of the eye) in this position:
Semi-Fowlers
A contusion to the eye is immed. treated w/this:
Ice
This med is a rapidly acting mydriatic & cycloplegic, is effective in 25-75 mins, & accommodation returns in 6-24 hrs:
Cyclopentolate
This med is used for preop mydriasis (dilation of the pupil):
Cyclopentolate
Cyclopentolate is this:
A mydriatic & cycloplegic
Eye drops go into this spot:
The conjunctival sac
Pts should do this when instilling eye drops to prevent absorption (systemically) of the drops:
Apply pressure to the nasolacrimal duct.
When two or more meds are to be eyedropped into the eye, the Pt should take this much time between the drops:
3 - 5 mins.
Miotics do this:
Widen the trabecular meshwork, cause a contraction of the ciliary muscle, & increase blood flow to the retina.
The post-op Cataract Sx s/e of Hyphema can be treated in these ways:
Bed rest & bilateral eye patching for 2-5 days while absorption occurs, miotics, cycloplegics, & possible irrigation of the anterior chamber to remove blood.
What is the most common symptom of Macular Degeneration-blurred central vision or loss of peripheral vision?:
Blurred central vision.
The formation of this may occur in Macular Degeneration:
A central scotoma (a blind spot).
W/a Pt w/metal shards in the eye, do this immed.:
Irrigate w/sterile saline
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