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English Midterm Review
Terms in this set (69)
A literary or pictorial device in which each literal character, object or event represents a symbol illustrating an idea, a moral or religious principle.
Repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or stressed syllables
A reference to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, or work of art.
A comparison of two different things that are similar in some way.
A balancing of two opposite or contrasting words, phrases, or clauses.
A concise statement of principle.
A figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction.
Repetition of a vowel sound.
Repetition of consonant sounds.
A statement that has two meanings, one of which is dirty or vulgar.
A poem mourning the dead.
A line having no pause or end punctuation but having uninterrupted grammatical meaning continuing into the next line.
A systematic interpretation or explanation (usually written) of a specific topic.
Rhyme only occurs on the first syllable of the rhyming word i.e. blue and truly, sum and trumpet.
A figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor.
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line.
A contrast or discrepancy between what is stated and what is really meant, or between what is expected to happen and what actually does happen.
In this type of irony, facts or events are unknown to a character in a play or a piece of fiction but known to the reader, audience, or other characters in the work.
Occurs when the outcome of a work is unexpected, or events turn out to be the opposite from what one had expected.
In this type of irony, the words literally state the opposite of the writer's true meaning.
A type of poetry that explores the poet's personal interpretation of and feelings about the world.
A comparison that establishes a figurative identity between objects being compared.
A metaphor which relies on a comparison between two startling different things.
A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated (such as "crown" for "royalty").
A combination of two or more metaphors that together produce a ridiculous effect.
A rhetorical strategy that recounts a sequence of events, usually in chronological order.
A lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject.
A word that imitates the sound it represents.
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase.
A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.
The repetition of words or phrases that have similar grammatical structures.
A line of verse consisting of five metrical feet.
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes.
Word play that suggests two or more meanings.
A question asked merely for effect with no answer expected.
A work that reveals a critical attitude toward some element of human behavior by portraying it in an extreme way. It doesn't simply abuse (as in invective) or get personal (as in sarcasm). It targets groups or large concepts rather than individuals.
A comparison using like or as.
Rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e. the words "stress" and "kiss"); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme.
14 line poem.
Stream of Consciousness
A literary technique that presents the thoughts and feelings of a character as they occur.
A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole.
Describing one kind of sensation in terms of another ("a loud color", "a sweet sound").
Artfully using a single verb to refer to two different objects in an ungrammatical but striking way, or artfully using an adjective to refer to two separate nouns, even though the adjective would logically only be appropriate for one of the two.
The Love Song
very long "love poem"...creepy
"smoke that rises from the pipes"
"Smoothed by long fingers"
The Hollow Men
extremely creepy, about the world ending
alludes to Heart of Darkness
Helen-hates Helen, talks about Helen not to her, white-death, 3 stanzas, short
To Helen-loves Helen, expresses her beauty, directly addressing her, long descriptive lines, alliteration "w" like waves of the sea
Eros-this is what you have done to love by toying and cheating it. Made a brute of love.
Greek Eros-beautiful, but only that "None who e'er long'd for thy embrace, Hath cared to look upon thy face"
Oscar Wilde; like The Picture of Dorian Gray, talking about a woman, should be relinquish control to her by loving her?
Uses imagery of music and instruments.
The Second Coming
Alludes to Things Fall Apart.
End of the world.
"The falcon cannot hear the falconer"
The Scarlet Letter
Main Characters: Hester Prynne, Reverend Dimmesdale, Roger Chillingworth
Themes: adultery, repentance, morality, sin
Deaths: Dimmesdale-kills himself after confessing
Pride and Prejudice
Main Characters: Mr. Darcy, Elizabeth Bennet, Lady Catherine, Mr. Collins, Charles Bingley, Caroline Bingley, Mr. Bennet, Mrs. Bennet, Mr. Wickham, Jane Bennet, Charlotte Lucas, Mrs. Gardiner, Mr. Gardiner
Themes: love, prejudice, pride
Heart of Darkness
Main Characters: Charles Marlow, Kurtz
Themes: racism (is it racist or not?), the unknown
Things Fall Apart
Main Characters: Nwoye, Ikemefuna, Ezinma, Mr. Brown, Okonkwo
Themes: civilization vs. native culture, pride
Deaths: Okonkwo commits suicide
The Picture of Dorian Gray
Main Characters: Lord Henry Wotton, Basil Hallward, Dorian Gray, James Vane, Sibyl Vane, Alan Campbell, Lady Victoria Wotton
Themes: vanity, sin, corruption
Deaths: Dorian dies from own portrait
Main Characters: Hamlet, Gertrude, King Claudius, Ophelia, Rosencrantz and Guildenstern
Themes: sin, lust, moral conscious
Deaths: a lot
A Doll's House
Main Characters: Dr. Rank, Mrs. Linde, Nora Helmer, Torvald Helmer, Nils Krogstad, Anne-Marie
Themes: feminism, lots of symbols
Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme.
A narrative poem written in four-line stanzas, characterized by swift action and narrated in a direct style.
A variety of poetry meant to entertain or amuse, but sometimes with a satirical thrust.
Excessively cheap with money; stingy.
Seeking or preferring seclusion or isolation.
An indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant.
Characterized by a narrow, often ostentatious concern for book learning and formal rules.
Emotionally excessive; overly demonstrative.
Existing in the mind or relating to one's own thoughts, opinions, emotions, etc.; personal, individual, based on feelings.
Brief and to the point.
Of the nature or in the style of an epigram; concise, clever, and amusing.
Grimly or scornfully mocking, bitterly sarcastic.
Wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence).
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