AP Chapter 10 Review
Terms in this set (35)
In comparison to Byzantium, Latin Christendom before 1000 C.E. was
a localized society
What advantage did the Byzantine Empire have that enabled it to survive as a political entity for a thousand years longer than the western part of the Roman Empire?
a stronger military
Which of the following was a long-term impact of the Crusades in Europe?
Spain, Sicily, and the Baltic region permantently joined the world of Western Christendom
Disagreement over which of the following contributed tot eh split between the Roman Catholic Church ann the Eastern Orthodox Church?
Veneration of icons
Which of the following features of the Byzantine Empire did the new civilization of Kievan Rus adopt?
The political ideals of imperial control of the Church
Which of the following is an example of the Byzantine Empire's influence on Eurasia?
Transmission of ancient Greek learning to Western Europe and the Islamic world
In Europe after the fall of the Roman Empire, what system emerged that emphasized the reciprocal ties between a king and his vassals, and between a lord and his serfs?
Which of the following describes the situation in Western Europe after the collapse of the Roman Empire in 476?
Long distance trade was limited to Italy
Which of the following was evidence of the expansion and growth of European civilization during the High Middle Ages?
There was a considerable increase in long-distance trade
How did economic growth and urbanization during the High Middle Ages affect women in Western Europe?
Women practiced trades and sometimes trained female apprentices
Which of the following characterizes the spread of Christianity throughout Western Europe from 500 to 1000?
Earlier cultural practices were absorbed into the Christian tradition
Technological changes in which field limited women's opportunities in Western Europe by the fifteenth century?
Besides Islam, which of the following was also a target of Western European crusaders?
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
During the period from 1000 to 1300, the rulers in which region held the least power?
Which of the following is an example of a European innovation made possible by borrowing technologies from their civilizations?
the use of gunpowder in cannons
Which of the following contributed to the decline of Christianity in Asia and Africa by 1500?
The spread of Islam
Which of the following describes the situation of Christian communities in the Middle East and North Africa from 650 to 1300?
Shrinking communities of second-class subjects
Outside of Europe, the strongest presence of Christianity from 500 to 1300 was in
Which of the following is an example of how Christianity was reinterpreted as it spread throughout Asia and Africa?
What event in the thirteenth century influenced the Egyptian state's change in attitude toward its Christian subjects from tolerance to persecution?
Which of the following describes a feature of the Byzantine state?
The emperor claimed to be God's representative on earth
Which of the following brought the Byzantine Empire to an end?
The capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Empire?
In the eleventh century, the religious culture of the Byzantine Empire had a significant impact on
Slavic-speaking peopeles in the Balkans and Russia
Which of the following describes the process of conversion to Eastern Orthodox Christianity in Kievan Rus?
It was a freely made decision onto he part of Prince Vladmir of Kiev who chose Eastern Orthodox Christianity to unify his people
Which of the following describes the relationship between politics and religion in Western Europe from 500 to 1300?
Rulers provided protection for the Church in return for religious legitimacy
In Western Europe from 1000 to 1300, power was divided among
kings, nobles, and church leaders
In which civilization was the rationalism and secularism of Greek though used to explain religious doctrines?
centuries between 500 to 1000 europes center of gravity shifted away from Mediterranean toward
The north and west
greater influence on eastern orthodox christianity than on roman Catholicism
Greek philosophical concepts
What factors enabled Christian communities in Africa and Asia to survive in the face of Islamic expansion?
Most Muslim rulers allowed Christians to continue to practice their religion as long as they paid a special tax
Persistent pockets of Christianity in the Arab empire
Coptic Christianity(Egypt) continued under tolerant Muslim rulers until the Crusades and the Mongol threat made the Muslim state regard Christian as politically suspect
Geography protected Christians in Ethiopia
The Nestorian church in China was not affected by the spread of Islam
What was the long-term impact of the Crusades on Western Europe?
the Crusades marked an expansion of the influence of western Christendom at the same time that eastern Christendom and Byzantium were declining
the Crusades stimulated the demand for Asian luxury goods in Europe
they allowed western Europeans to learn techniques for producing sugar on large plantations using slave labor - which will later be transported to the Americas
Muslim scholarship - together with Greek learning - flowed into Europe
the Crusades hardened the cultural barriers between Eastern Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism, Christian anti-Semitism was enhanced
European empire building, continued the notion that "God wills it"
In what ways did the legacy of Roman civilizations survive in Western Europe following the collapse of the Roman Empire?
What differences separated the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches?
-services are in Greek or in local languages
-patriarch (and other bishops) in Constantinople > head of the church as a group
-emperor has authority over patriarch and other bishops
-priests can only marry before becoming a priest
-divorce is allowed under certain conditions
-candles, crosses, and icons were important decorations
-services in Latin
-Pope is head of the church
-Pope has leadership over all kings, emperors, and bishops
-priests may marry before
-divorce is not allowed
-stained glass and statues were important decorations
How did Western Europe's situation during the High Middle Ages (1000-1300) differ form the situation after the fall of the Roman Empire in the fifth century?
High Middle Ages=time of clear growth and expansion; population growth; new specializations - guilds formed; organized governments; new opportunities for women;
trade is re-established; new agriculture techniques
In what ways did the multiple- competing states in western Europe shape European civilization?
-the multicenter political system gave rise to frequent wars
-ruler's political authority was weak
-it enhanced the role and status of military men
-it drove the so-called gunpowder revolution
-it stimulated technological development