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Ap Gov Exam
Terms in this set (60)
Among the broad purposes of the United States government spelled out in the Preamble to the Constitution is the obligation to
provide for justice and the people's general welfare.
In a democracy, the will of the majority
cannot be used to deprive rights to a member of a minority group.
Which of the following illustrates the concept of equality of opportunity?
Public schools may not exclude students because of their sex or race.
In Benjamin Franklin's opinion, the final Constitution created by the delegates can best be summarized as
as near perfect as possible.
With the words, "We the People," the Constitution establishes its authority on the basis of
Which statement about the Bill of Rights is NOT true?
The amendments were ratified at the same time as the Constitution.
Which of the following is the subject of a constitutional amendment?
all of these
Concurrent powers are those that are
exercised simultaneously by the National and the State governments.
An enabling act directs any area desiring Statehood to
prepare a constitution.
Minor parties have contributed MOST to United States politics by
causing major parties to adopt their ideas.
Which of the following groups has tended to support the Democratic party in recent decades?
Which of the following federal courts exercises both original and appellate jurisdiction?
the Supreme Court
Jurisdiction DIRECTLY limits
which court may decide a case.
Which of the following statements about civil rights is NOT true?
Rights are extended only to citizens.
Seditious speech is speech that urges others to
overthrow the government.
Government has the right to make reasonable rules regulating assemblies
to protect against the inciting of violence or the endangerment of life.
The 10 amendments known as the Bill of Rights were originally intended as restrictions against
the new National Government.
Under the Establishment Clause, the government still has the power to do all of the following EXCEPT
establish an acceptable voluntary prayer for use in public schools.
In deciding cases involving laws against sedition, the Supreme Court has
developed the "clear and present danger" rule.
To have a fair trial, a person is guaranteed all of the following EXCEPT
media coverage if demanded.
The main purpose of the exclusionary rule is to
deter police misconduct.
The writ of habeas corpus is intended to prevent
the accused from being unjustly arrested and imprisoned without cause.
With _____, the Federal Government hopes to overcome effects of past discrimination.
Citizenship by birth is determined by the rules
of jus soli and jus sanguinis.
One test that the Supreme Court uses to determine the validity of laws that discriminate between groups of people is the
rational basis test.
Which of the following basic concepts of government did the Magna Carta reflect?
The powers granted to the central government under the Second Continental Congress compared with those granted under the Articles of Confederation were
basically the same.
Why was it ironic that Virginia was one of the last States to ratify the Constitution?
Virginia delegate James Madison contributed more to the document than any other delegate.
The inability of the central government to gain the support of the States under the Articles of Confederation contributed to the inclusion in the new Constitution of
What is the opposite of delegated powers of the National Government? It is marked in section B.
Powers reserved to the States
What is in the middle of State powers and National Government powers? It is marked in section F.
Powers denied both the National Government and the States
In certain situations, States can give preferential treatment to _____ over ______.
Dissenting opinions accomplish all of the following EXCEPT
providing a precedent to be followed by the lower courts.
The specific rights that are covered under the 14th Amendment's Due Process Clause
have been spelled out case-by-case by the Supreme Court.
The distinction the Court has made between prayer in Congress or in State legislatures, and prayer in public schools, is based largely on
the maturity of those being led in prayer.
The guarantees of due process place the burden for meeting these guarantees on
both lawmakers and those who execute the laws.
Which of the following paved the way for nearly 60 years of continued segregation in the United States?
the separate-but-equal doctrine
In addition to the Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education, desegregation also needed the support of _____ before it could make any real progress.
The Supreme Court case which established the idea that all people are entiltled to have a lawyer in court with them, even if they can't affortd one, was
Gideon v. Wainwright
The Articles of Confederation implemented the principle of
Which of the following is a way Congress can influence the federal judiciary?
It can change appellate jurisdiction of federal courts.
The Framers of the Constitution intended to establish
a representative republic
Which of the following best describes a purpose of the Establishment Clause?
It prohibits Congress from establishing a state religion
The passing of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 is a significant political event because it
was instrumental in increasing the number of African American and other minority voters
Party identification in the United States is most successfully transmitted by which of the following?
Which of the following is a correct statement about the federal government's role in interstate commerce?
The federal government' s role has been greatly expanded through the interpretation of the interstate commerce clause.
Which of the following constitutional provisions broadened the power of Congress?
The necessary and proper clause
According to James Madison, which of the following best controls the effects of faction?
A large republic
Legislation forbidding flag burning was deemed unconstitutional because it violated the
First Amendment's protection of expression
In Roe v. Wade, the majority of Supreme Court justices determined that
the United States Constitution implies a right to privacy and thus made abortions legal
With respect to prayer in public schools, the United States Supreme Court has ruled that
state-sponsored prayer violates the establishment clause of the First Amendment
The grandfather clause is significant in United States political history for which of the following reasons?
It was a means whereby Black citizens in southern states were disenfranchised.
In the United States judicial system, when a judge decides a case based on decisions rendered in similar cases in the past, the judge is following the principle of
In which of the following circumstances would the rule of four be applied?
At least four justices on the Supreme Court agree that a case should be put on the Court's docket.
Which of the following is a principle underlying the Bill of Rights?
Some rights are fundamental and should not be subject to majoritarian control.
Since the 1960s, support for the Democratic Party has declined the most among which of the following groups?
Which of the following is LEAST characteristic of the history of political parties in the United States during the twentieth century?
The splitting of the two major parties into a multipartysystem
The United States Supreme Court decision in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka was based on which of the following?
The Fourteenth Amendment's guarantee of equal protection
Many scholars argue that categorical grants-in-aid do which of the following?
Weaken the power of state governors and legislators
Which of the following describes the social contract theory as advanced by John Locke?
It is an agreement in which the government promises to protect the natural rights of people.
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