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Arts and Humanities
Mesopotamia and The Fertile Crescent- Chapter 3
Terms in this set (35)
Tigris River and Euphrates River
Which two land features gave Mesopotamia its name?
It was a way to control the river's flow
Why did Mesopotamia build canals?
Each wanted to have enough farmland to grow food
Why did city-states fight each other for land?
They both fought with surrounding city-states
What did Sargon's empire have in common with other Mesopotamian city-states?
Who served as the link between the Sumerian and the gods?
Sumerian writing system with wedge shaped symbols
What is cuneiform?
to honor the gods
What was the reason that ziggurats were tall?
iron weapons and chariots
What technology did the Hitties and Assyrians use in the battle?
The alphabet spread along their trade routes
What was the relationship between trade and the spread of the Phoenician alphabet?
What was the resource for which the Phoenicia was known?
They both ruled and built up Babylon
What did both Hammurabi and Nebuchadnezzar do?
Sargon's army, the Akkadian army
Which army defeated all the city-states of Sumer and conquered the northern Mesopotamia?
Which king became a legendary figure in Sumerian literature?
Ziggurats, their temple
What were Sumerian city centers dominated by?
A Stylus, made from a reed
What sharp tool Sumerians use to write on clay tablets with?
Which city-state rose to power after the death of Sargon I?
More than 12,000 years ago
When did hunter-gatherer groups first settle in Mesopotamia?
A city-state's military strength
What determined the amount of land controlled by the city-states?
Can Sumerian women be important religious leaders?
The number 60
What was the Sumerian math system based on?
Babylon was located near what present day city and county?
The Syrian Desert didn't have enough farmland
What factor(s) may have limited the growth of Sargon's empire?
different people under a single ruler
wheeled, horse drawn battle cart
long poem; tells story of a hero
ruler of a kingdom
set of letters that form a word
a large arc of farmland
world's 1st writing system
division of society by rank
a way of supplying water to an area
the worship of many gods
Sets found in the same folder
Ancient Mesopotamia: The Sumerians
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