Terms in this set (9)
Use= Used for Parkinson's disease as well as for dystonia caused by antipsychotics.
Side effects = may cause delirium
MOA = anti-cholinergics and anti-histamine
Generic name = cogentin
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome
Symptoms = rigidity, myoglobinuria, autonomic instability and hyperpyrexia (abnormally high fever)
Causes = haloperidol, antipsychotics
Tx = Dantrolene or dopamine agonists such as bromocriptine
Symptoms = hyperthermia, muscle rigidity, cardiovascular collapse, flushing, diarrhea and seizures
Causes = high dose of SSRI, combining SSRI, combining SSRI with SNRI, or MAOI
Tx = cyproheptidine
Discontinuation syndrome of SSRI
Symptoms = anxiety, ataxia, vertigo, fatigue, headache, insomnia, irritability, nausea, tremor and vomiting
Cause = caused by abrupt discontinuation of SSRI
Fetal hydantoin syndrome 2ndary to anticonvulsant therapy exposure in-utero
Signs = Growth retardation, microcephaly, hypoplasia of nail, fingers, toes, hirsutism, cleft-lip/palate, rib anomalies and cardiac and GU anomaly
Causes = Phenytoin
Antisocial personality disorder and conduct disorder. Which one is a diagnosis made for a minor and which one is a diagnosis made for an adult?
Minor = Conduct disorder
Adult = Antisocial personality disorder
Bupropion (antidepressant and for smoking cessasion): Contraindications
Decreases seizure threshold, therefore contraindicated if pt has seizure disorder, or concurrent alcohol or benzodiazepine
2nd generation antipsychotics is the gold standard for psychosis.
Risperidone, Olanzapine, Quetapine, Aripiprazole, Ziprasidone, Paliperidone.
What medication do you want to use Clozapine?
Treatment resistance, (2 failed trials) for psychosis