Cold War

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Terms in this set (...)

Communism
An economic and political system based on one-party government and state ownership of property.
Iron Curtain
A phrase used by Winston Churchill in 1946 to describe the imaginary line that separated Communist countries in the Soviet bloc of Eastern Europe from the countries in Western Europe that were democratic.
Berlin Airlift
A 327-day operation in which U.S. and British planes flew food and supplies into West Berlin after the Soviets blockaded the city in 1948.
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
Military alliance created in 1949 made up of 12 non-Communist countries including the United States that support each other if attacked.
Warsaw Pact
A Military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and its Eastern European satellites.
Berlin Wall
A concrete wall that separated East Berlin and West Berlin from 1961-1989, built by Communist East German government to prevent its citizens from fleeing to the West.
USA, Great Britain, and France
Occupied WEST Germany
Soviet Union
Occupied EAST Germany
Potsdam Conference
July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met to determine how to handle Germany after WWII
Soviet Union and United States
World superpowers; enemies during the Cold War
Two Plus Four Talks
Was held after Berlin Wall came down and Germany was reunified. Included West Germany, East Germany, and the 4 occupying countries. Laid out the terms of reunification for Germany.
Soviet Union collapse
When Germany regained their independence and freedom, other countries under Soviet control demanded the same. Thus, causing the collapse of the Soviet Union
Communism ended in Europe when?
After the collapse of the Soviet Union

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