Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (74)
-Calcium, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, sodium, chloride, magnesium
-iron, copper, manganese, iodine
What are the functions of calcium?
What are good sources of calcium?
Modifiable risk factors for osteoporosis
sedentary lifestyle, diet, cigarette smoking, excess alcohol consumption, low body weight, use of certain medications
Non-modifiable risk factors for osteoporosis
age, sex, genetics, ethnicity/race, history of fractures
primary functions of magnesium in the body
component of crystals in bone, maintenance of DNA and RNA, ATP stabilization, and muscle contraction
primary functions of phosphorus
facilitates enzymes function, ATP component, phospholipid component, acid-base balance
primary functions of sulfur
key element in glutathione, contributes to 3D shape of proteins
3 dietary sources of magnesium
1. green leafy vegetables
2. unpolished grains
minerals involved in bone health
calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, fluoride
primary storage form of sulfur
in amino acids methionine and cysteine
Role of iron in the body
assist in delivery of O2 to tissues and cells
heme iron sources
animal foods, meat, fish, poultry
non-heme iron sources
plant foods, cereals, vegetables
-presence of meat, poultry, & fish in the diet
What increases iron absorption?
What can decrease iron absorption?
What form of iron is most easily absorbed?
-women (due to loss of blood during periods)
-pregnant women (due to developing fetus)
-people in higher altitudes
-people over age 50
-women childbearing age
Who has increased iron requirements?
Leading nutrient deficiency worldwide
What are potential causes of anemia
Inadequate iron intake
Inadequate iron absorption
this deficiency in children can result in impaired learning and attention span and is common in low-income population
Women who are planning to become pregnant or who are currently pregnant, should increase their intake of ____________ to 600 ug each day to reduce risk of neural tube defects in the infant.
folate (vitamin B9)
colostrum serves as a laxative in infants to clear the meconium
Which of the following statements about colostrum is correct?
It contains a high concentration of iron
Which of the following statements about breast milk is FALSE?
around 4-6 months of age once an infant has exhibited the appropriate developmental milestones such as loss of the extrusion reflex
Which of the following is the recommendation for when to introduce solid foods to an infant?
-tooth loss and xerostomia
-inability to prepare meals by themselves
-depression and loneliness
Which of the following can negatively affect the nutritional status of older (>65 years of age) adults?
To reduce choking risk in infants, an appropriate complementary food choice during the first year of life is
no amount is okay
The amount of alcohol that is considered safe to consume during pregnancy is
reduces the risk of developing colon cancer as an adult
Potential health benefits of breastfeeding for the infant include all of the following EXCEPT:
iron, zinc, vitamin A, and vitamin B6 (pyrodixine)
Nutrients that may not be consumed in adequate amounts by breast-fed infants during the first 6 months of life include
reduced peak bone mass
Many adolescents consume soft drinks (sodas) in place of milk and consume inadequate amounts of other calcium-rich foods. This can result in which health concern(s)?
Plotting the child's BMI on the BMI-for-age growth chart, and the BMI falls above the 85th percentile curve but below the 95th percentile curve.
How is overweight status determined in children?
grilled soybean burger on whole wheat bun with a baked potato
Brittany is a pregnant female who is trying to select a meal while dining at a restaurant. Which of the following would be the most appropriate choice for Brittany?
All of the following nutritional needs are increased during pregnancy EXCEPT:
iron-fortified rice cereal
Which of the following foods is most appropriate for an infant when introducing solid food for the first time?
increased academic performance
Benefits of exercise include all of the following EXCEPT:
all of the above
During exercise lasting longer than 1 hour in hot conditions, an athlete may need to replace:
un-fortified almond milk
Dietary sources of calcium include all of the following EXCEPT:
By consuming adequate amounts of iodine in the diet, an individual can prevent ____________.
By consuming adequate amounts of iron in the diet, an individual can prevent ____________.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
The federal agency that has responsibility for monitoring the accuracy of dietary supplement advertising and labeling is the:
Jose is a vegetarian and consumes what he believes is a balanced diet. He does not suffer from any chronic health conditions, but lately he has noticed that he has a reduced sense of taste. Foods that used to taste very spicy to him no longer taste spicy. Most foods he used to enjoy now taste bland.
Based on the above information, what may be causing Jose's reduced sense of taste?
__________ is a mineral that is found in high amounts in seafood and functions in the body to regulate the activity of an antioxidant enzyme.
glass of orange juice
Stanley is a vegetarian and consumes plant-based foods to obtain iron in his diet. To optimize iron absorption from his meals, Stanley should consume which of the following beverages?
The mineral that assists with transporting O2 to cells and tissues within the body is:
-Consult scientific, evidence-based information on dietary supplements from the NIH Office of Dietary Supplements, Food and Drug Administration, and Federal Trade Commission
-evaluate your current diet.
-Check with your health care practitioner regarding interactions with your medications.
Your mom is considering taking a dietary supplement containing Omega-3 fatty acids. She knows that you are taking a nutrition course, so she asks for your help in making a decision about whether or not to take the supplement.
What recommendations would you suggest to your mom to guide her in her decision-making process?
Please select all correct answers.
During indoor exercise lasting 30 minutes, an athlete may need to replace:
Which of the following populations is most likely to use dietary supplements?c
immediate energy system
Daisy is a track athlete and participates in 100 meter sprints. During the very beginning of a sprint, Daisy's body will be using which of the following energy systems:
calcium, magnesium, phosphorus
Which group of minerals is important for strong bone formation?
- Transferrin Saturation
List the blood tests used to screen for anemia. Which is the most sensitive to low iron stores?
What is the condition associated with iron toxicity?
an iron metabolism disorder that occurs when too much iron is absorbed from food, resulting in excessive deposits of iron in the tissue; can cause congestive heart failure, diabetes, corrhosis, or cancer of the liver
when sufficient body stores exist, the small intestine makes protein bind to zinc and prevent absorption, presence of phytates
What factors hinder zinc absorption?
presence of meat fish and poultry in diet
What factors enhance zinc absorption?
What are symptoms of zinc toxicity?
vomiting, diarrhea, exhaustion
What are symptoms of zinc deficiency?
Growth retardation, delayed sexual maturation, impaired immune function, hair loss, eye and skin lesions, loss of appetite
primary functions of copper in the body
needed for absorption, storage, and metabolism of iron
zinc and iron
What other mineral may hinder copper absorption?
primary functions of iodine in the body
facilitates production of a hormone in the thyroid gland
enlarged thyroid - goiter
caused by a lack of iodine
dietary sources of iodine
seafood, iodized salt
supports body's antioxidant defense system
primary function of selenium
discoloration of the teeth due to ingestion of too much fluoride during tooth development
What population may be recommended to take a chromium supplement?
helps regulate blood sugar
List 2 federal agencies involved in regulating supplements & supplement claims & labeling:
2. Federal Trade Commission
-adults 60 or older
-high education level
Where is dietary supplement use most prevalent?
1. Evaluate your diet
2. Check w/ Dr.
3. Ask if too good to be true
4. learn to recognize fraud claim
5. Be skeptical
Steps involved in decisions about dietary supplements?
ability to perform moderate-to-vigorous levels of physical activity without fatigue
components of fitness?
Build muscle mass
Build and maintain bone mass
Improve daily functioning, especially in elderly
Enhance sport performance
Prevent chronic disease
benefits of exercise?
-immediate energy system
What are the 3 energy systems?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Nutrition Exam 1
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Ch. 10 Nutrition
chapter 13 hun1201
Nutrition Ch 13 Trace minerals
Chapter 13 Nutrition
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR