GEOG 1003 Final Exam

1 / 104
Following Thailand, this country is the second largest exporter of rice in the world.
Click the card to flip 👆
Terms in this set (104)
In the Indian ocean, when do tropical cyclones occur?April and June; September and NovemberTypically, fewer tropical storms form in the Indian Ocean, and the storms are typically of less intensity due to the ocean's:smaller sizeThe concentration of volcanoes and earthquakes along the plate boundaries of the Pacific plate form an increased tectonic activity, called:the Pacific Ring of FireSoutheast Asian is located on the Pacific Ring of Fire where plate boundaries meet and where about __% of the world's earthquakes take place.80%Following the Indian Ocean tsunami in late 2004, what did geographers rely on to assess damage, estimate wave size, and guide aid?satellite imagesIn the island region of southeast Asia, people are concentrated in cities oncoastal areasWhich of the following, through trade in southeast Asia, is reflected in the complexity of languages and cultures in the region?spatial interactionLanguages of southeast Asia reveal a difference in spacial interaction between which subregions of southeast Asian?continental and islandIndonesia is composed of over _____ islands that stretch over 3,000 miles from west to east and a population that speaks over ____ vernacular or local languages.17,000; 600The first world religions to diffuse into southeast Asia were:Buddhism and HinduismDuring the 1980s and 1990s, economists described the rapidly growing economies of Southeast Asia as:tigersWhich of the following religions teach that interest should not be charged for lending money?IslamSoutheast Asia was the centerpiece of global trade for more than _____ years; today it is capitalizing on its ethnic and religious diversity to corner a growing market in world trade1,500In reference to southeast Asia as a region of the world, ASEAN stands for:Association of Southeast Asian NationsDespite being one of the smaller countries geographically, which of the following has one of the largest global impacts?SingaporeWhich of the following is by far the wealthiest country in southeast Asia and is the third wealthiest country in the world as measured by GDP per capita?SingaporeWhich country has used its strategic location to become a global leader in container shipping and the entrepot for southeast Asia?SingaporeIdentify the portion of the economy that is not taxed or regulated by government, where goods and services are exchanged in barter or cash systems that are not reported to the government.informal economyA World Bank study found that of the working population around the world, women (especially in countries that prohibit women from owning land), young people, internal migrants (within a country, usually from rural to urban areas), and international immigrants are most likely to be working in the:informal economyIn mainland southeast Asia, a major part of the informal economy is trade in:opium and heroinIdentify the name for one of the two largest heroin-producing regions in the world (the other being Afghanistan), stretching over northern Thailand, Myanmar, and LaosGolden TriangleShort-term travel to a destination away from home with the central purpose of recreation and relaxation is called:tourismBusinesses that stand to gain wealth from tourism have become increasingly _____ as businesses serving different parts of the commodity chain have merged into one larger company or set of companies that work with each other to corner a market.vertically integratedMigrants weigh their reasons for going to a particular place based on complex:push and pull factorsNegotiating how they make sense of themselves by balancing their home identity with their identity in their country of destination, migrants create:transnational identitiesWhen migrants leave home for a new place, they take part of their home culture with them through:relocation diffusionThe tight relationship between overseas Chinese and their families in their home provinces helped establish _____ migration, where migrants find economic success in their new location and encourage others back home to follow the same path.chainBali is a small set of islands in the midst of the Indonesian archipelago.trueBali is part of Indonesia, but its Hindu culture, dating back to the eleventh century, sets it apart from the rest of the predominantly Muslim country.trueSoutheast Asia has two distinct physical geographies: one compromising thousands of islands in the Pacific Ocean and extending to the eastern Indian Ocean and the other on the mainland of the Asian continent.trueCordilleras are perpendicular mountain ranges that run at a 90* angle from one of the plate boundaries in the regionfalseThe fertile plains of the Mekong Delta, coupled with predictable monsoon rains in summer, create the perfect environment for wet rice cultivation.trueThe thousands of islands of southeast Asia are volcanic arcs formed along plate boundaries with highlands in the interior surrounded by miles of coastlines.trueThe fertile plains of the Mekong Delta, coupled with the predictable monsoon rains in summer, create the perfect environment for wet tobacco cultivation.falseThe oceans around southeast Asia are some of the deepest oceans in the world.falseSoutheast Asia is susceptible to hurricanes.trueTsunami waves grow in height as they reach the shore because the seafloor becomes shallower along the coastline.trueThe official language in Indonesia today is Bahasa Indonesian (commonly known Indonesian) which is part of the Austronesian language family.trueEuropeans had access to spices from China via the Silk Road.trueBuddhism predates Hinduism.falseReligions on the islands of Southeast Asia reflect the paths of traders and colonizers through the region between 500 and 1900.trueAlthough tourism is considered a form of economic development, it does not always benefit local communities.trueSex tourism impacts the entire region of southeast Asia, and child trafficking is closely associated with sex tourism.trueThe mega-city of Jakarta, Indonesia, is one of the larger cities in the world with a population over 10 million.trueSlums grow fastest where massive numbers of rural poor migrate to the citiestrueHow many active volcanoes does Japan have?over 100Japan is situated on the western edge of the:Pacific Ring of FireWith its beginnings dating back to 770 BCE, _____ was a massive undertaking throughout many dynasties and centuries, once serving as a defensive structure, with overarching goals of keeping the Mongols out and defining the space of subsequent empires.The Great Wall of ChinaIdentify a windblown sedimentary deposit, which is buff or yellowish brown in color and erodes easily.loessWhich of the following takes its name from the yellow color of loess found in the Loess Plains of China that span 250,000 square miles?Huang HeControlling the Huang He has been a major goal for China's dynasties since the time of the Qin emperor. Efforts have included all of the following except:building the Three Gorges DamThe goal of _____ is to speed the flow of the river so that it can more easily carry silt and avoid deposits in the riverbed, which causes the river itself to increase in elevation that can be higher than surrounding towns and floodplains.channelizationThe first successful dams are believed to date back as far as 2000 BCE and were found in:MesopotamiaIdentify the term referring to electricity created by waterpower when water rushes through intakes in a dam and spins giant turbines.hydroelectricityThe Three Gorges Dam provides a source for hydroelectric power for millions of Chinese. Which river is it built across?YangtzeThe climate of east Asia is great;y influenced by the _____ in the east and by the _____ in the west.Pacific Ocean; HimalayasThe pattern and dispersal of language families in east Asia follows:trade routesSince East Asia was essentially self-sufficient in all essential commodities, foreign trade primarily involved luxury goods such as Chinese silk, porcelain, jade, and:opiumThe Qing dynasty was able to keep European colonizers at bay until the nineteenth century, when _____ ensued and the Chinese conceded to European influence in the region.The Opium WarIdentify China's most famous treaty port, which attracted merchants from Europe, the United States, and India in the 1800s.ShanghaiThe Tokuguwa would only trade with the _____ during the first wave of colonialism, primarily because the Dutch were mainly interested in trade, whereas the British and French also attempted to diffuse their religion and culture.NetherlandsAs a result of the Meiji Restoration, the revolutionary movement that swept Japan in 1868, Japan went to war and gained territory in all of the following countries except:BritainJapan's colonization of East Asia and the Pacific brought the United States into World War II when the Japanese attacked:Pearl HarborThe global religion that has the most influence in the region of east Asia is:BuddhismThe major gender imbalance in parts of east Asia can primarily be contributed to:human interventionWhile China and Korea are experiencing population growth, this country of East Asia is experiencing population decline.JapanChina's growth since 1990 can be attributed to all of the following except:war_____ processes rely on high technology, highly educated workers, and financial support from the government while _____ processes rely on low technology, uneducated workers, and little support from the government.core; peripheryIn October of 1949, after defeating the Nationalist Party, Mao Zedong officially declared the establishment of the People's Republic of China as:communist countryIdentify the group of radical students who were charged with destroying the four "old" habits that resisted communism.Red GaurdThe communist party in China still has substantial control over all of the following except:marriageMatch the government forms with the following countries: North Korea, China, and Japan, respectively.dictatorial, communist, democraticMigration in China has been powered by agriculture and industry and has resulted in a flow from _____ to _____ areas, generally west to east.rural; urbanUsed in China, this system limits where individuals live and affects the flow of migration in the country by identifying where a person is registered to live and whether that location is agricultural or nonagricultural.hukou systemThe hukou system is used by the Chinese government for which of the following purposes?it keeps track of births, marriages, deaths, divorces; keeps the rural families from flooding into cities; and monitors population, primarily those who are politically subversive (all of the above)During the global economic recession in 2010, when the demand for Chinese goods declined, who was most affected?temporary migrantsHow many years of military service are required for males in South Korea?yearsChina's first imperial ruling dynasty, the Qin Dynasty, was also the shortest.trueThe meandering Huang He has carved different channels over the last 2,000 years.trueJapan is located at the intersection of four plates and two major subduction zones, which means that the area is at no risk for future earthquakes and tsunamis.falseBuddhism diffused into western China through the silk trade in the second and third centuries.trueChinese dialects have shared a common script of characters for more than 2,000 years, which enables the Chinese to read across dialects even when they cannot speak across dialects.trueThe Chinese government has policies that incentivize Chinese to stay in urban areas.falseMore than half of the world's population lives in Asia.trueIn Confucianism, the daughter is tied to the hierarchical structure of society.falseBoth China and South Korea have experienced massive gender imbalances, as daughters have been favored over sons.falseIn 1979, the agricultural commune system was replaced with the Responsibility System.trueChina has increased the use of fertilizers to generate higher production, causing it to have one of the highest rates of fertilizer usage per acre.trueBeijing is home to the Zhongguancun (ZGC) high-technology district, which is the Silicon Valley of China.trueThe Chinese government provides housing support and other financial aids to Chinese who live in their hukou.trueAt the end of WWII, the Allies divided the Korean Peninsula along the line of the equator.trueWhen the Korean War came to a close in 1953, no official peace treaty was signed.trueMembers of the military in North Korea receive priority for food.trueChinese men with rural hukous or who cannot find a Chinese bride increasingly look to North Korea and Southeast Asia for brides.true