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Old Testament Final Exam
Terms in this set (63)
A prophet commanded by God to tell the people of Nineveh to repent, I attempted to run away and ended up getting swallowed by a large fish, who vomited me out on dry land so I could fulfil my mission.
I am the glorious leader promised to Israel to deliver them from their suffering.
A member of the Hasmonean family, during the Second Temple Period I led a successful revolt against the cruel rule of Antiochus IV Epiphanes.
The Suffering Servant
During the exile I took on the suffering of others in order to save them.
Son of Man
My title originally meant a "human being," but it came to be a title for a figure who would help God bring a final resolution to the peoples' suffering.
Antiochus IV Epiphanes
The last of the Greek rulers to control Judah during the Second Temple Period, I was especially cruel. I introduced the first solely religious persecution that Judea had ever known.
I was a righteous man in the Wisdom writings who experienced horrible disasters. My friends gave speeches to me about how I deserved my fate. I asked God to prove that I deserved what I suffered, and God responded by questioning me in turn. Finally, God restored my health and fortune.
We were the people living in what had once been the northern kingdom of Israel. We hoped to help rebuild the temple during the restoration period, but our help was not wanted by the returning exiles.
Alexander the Great
My army defeated the Persians in 322 BCE and Judah fell under Greek rule.
The Priestly writer & the Yahwist writer
We are two different authors of the story of Noah, distinguishable by the name by which we address God.
Ezra and Nehemiah
We were leaders of Jerusalem appointed by Cyrus during the Restoration period. We sought to resolve the many issues that arose when the exiles returned from Babylon, including matters of intermarriage with non-Jews, the rebuilding of the Temple, and more.
"the people of the land"
Although the Babylonians exiled Judah's rich and powerful, we poor people remained behind. We felt that we should be the leaders of a restored Judah.
Leader of the Persian empire, my army conquered the Babylonians in 539 BCE. During my rule I issued a proclamation that allowed all of the peoples who had been exiled to Babylon to return to their homelands.
Ruth and Naomi
We were two widows during the time of the Judges whose only hope was to find a living male relative on our husbands' side of the family willing to perform the role of redeemer and take care of us.
A short saying that encapsulates social wisdom. In Israel they were usually passed from wealthy fathers to their sons and were preserved in parallel lines
A divine being or angel who is sometimes depicted as leading God's army and, at other times, as having charge over Israel.
The belief that there is only one God.
Dead Sea Scrolls
A collection of scrolls placed in pottery jars and hidden in 11 caves above the Dead Sea during the Roman period. The texts were written by strict adherents of Jewish law, who separated themselves during the Hasmonean period.
The act by which someone takes on the punishment that someone else deserves. By doing this, he or she makes restitution for another person's offense.
Edict of Cyrus
This proclamation of 538 BCE announced that Cyrus, the king of Persia who defeated Babylon, would allow the exiled Israelites to return to their homeland and rebuild their temple.
This genre of literature consists of a secret revelation given to an individual that describes, often in symbolic form, some cosmic conflict, sometimes involving the end of the world.
Tree of Life, Tree of the Knowledge of Good & Evil
Names of the two trees in the Garden of Eden.
A divine figure or angel whose original job was to patrol the earth searching for undetected sin. This being would then bring those cases before God, who would judge them. During the Hellenistic period this being becomes a figure who tempts humans to sin.
A system of thought that organizes reality within a schema of opposites, such as good or bad. It is a feature of Jewish Hellenistic literature.
In the book of Ecclesiastes this word means something that vanishes into thin air, emptiness or wasted effort.
The scattering of Jews outside the Levant after the Babylonian Exile.
A revolt during the reign of Antiochus IV Epiphanes, led by the Hasmonean family, which brought about a brief period of independence for Judah.
a dark and dreary place under the Earth where the Israelites believed the dead go.
A process of colonization used by the Greeks, whereby they introduced Greek thought, political structure, and religion to the regions that they controlled.
This concept is depicted in a variety of ways - sometimes direct, such as when God talks to Moses, and sometimes through angels or through God's created world.
A pact, agreement, or contract between God and humans, often including a promise, stipulations, and a sign.
"Today the LORD shall deliver you into my hand; I will strike you down and cut off your head. This very day I will feed your dead body and the dead bodies of the Philistine army to the birds of the air and the beasts of the field; thus the whole land shall learn that Israel has a God" (1 Sam 17:46)
Hannah (related text - Mary)
My heart exults in the Lord, my horn is exalted by my God. ...The barren wife bears seven sons, while the mother of many languishes" (1 Sam 2:1, 5B)
I am a judge and prophetess of Israel. Together with Jael, who murdered Sisera in her tent, I helped to save the Israelites from the Canaanites.
"Is God indeed to dwell on earth? If the heavens and the highest heavens cannot contain you, how much less this house which I have built!" (1 Kings 8:27)
[to Delilah] "If you weave the seven locks of my hair into the web and fasten them with the pin, I shall grow weaker and be like anyone else" (Judges 16:13).
A prophet of Israel, I anointed Saul, then David, as king.
The first King of Israel, I did not trust God's ability to work through me, and my dynasty was rejected by God.
I am a prophet who found God in the "sheer silence." I performed miracles, such as feeding the widow, raising her son from death, and calling down rain during a drought to demonstrate that Yahweh is more powerful than Baal.
The faithful disciple and successor of the prophet Elijah, I witnessed Elijah's ascension, wore Elijah's mantle, and asked for a double portion of his spirit.
A prophet of doom to the northern kingdom, my oracles were against the nations and a warning to Israel and Judah. I foretold the destruction of the northern kingdom and called attention to the social injustice that makes worship a travesty.
A prophet to Judah, when Yahweh called me I had a vision of Yahweh enthroned in glory. My lips had to be cleansed in order to proclaim the word of God. My prophecies include that of the ideal king and the peaceable kingdom.
A prophet with a prenatal call, my life can be seen as a sign of doom. I saw the relationship between God and the Israelites as being like a potter and the clay. But, alas, Yahweh revealed to me a vision of restoration that would include a "new covenant" which would be written upon the hearts of the Israelites.
A priest and prophet exiled to Babylon in the first deportation, I warned Jerusalem of impending doom and that the glory of the Lord would depart from the Temple if the Israelites did not repent. I also prophesized about the New Jerusalem, the restoration of the Temple (God's glory returns) and the rebirth of the Israelite people from dry bones.
Also known as the First Temple, it was built in Jerusalem and destroyed by King Nebuchadnezzar in 587 BCE after the Siege of Jerusalem.
Ancient musical prayers used for worship services at the Temple.
Ezekiel's TempleEzekiel's Temple
Referred to by the Jews as the Third Temple, it is a utopian prophetic vision of a perfect temple. The Temple gate will be locked and God will never leave it again. A river flows out from it and brings abundant life and healing to all it touches, turning the Dead Sea into fresh water. This temple has not yet been built.
Song of Songs
Also known as the Song of Solomon, this collection of sensuous love poetry was interpreted by the Jews as an allegory of God's love for Israel, while Christians often see it as a symbol of God's love for the Church.Lamentations
Poetry that expresses grief over the destruction of Jerusalem, with the desolate city characterized as Rachel weeping over her children.
I am the patriarch of the nation of Israel. God promised to make me into a great nation.
I am Abrahams wife and mother of Issac.
Raised by Pharaohs daughter, God called me to deliver my people from slavery in Egypt. I led them through the parted sea and into the desert, toward the promised land. God established a covenant with the Israelites through me.
An interpreter of dreams, my brothers sold me into slavery. But eventually I ended up controlling the food stores of Egypt and my brothers had to come to me for food.
Joseph was sold into slavery in this country. 400 years later Moses liberated the Israelites who were enslaved in Egypt.
The inhabitable land along the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea.
The mountain on which God gave Moses the laws the Israelites were to follow. It is an example of "sacred space"
The first 5 books of the Bible, also called the "Torah" within the Jewish tradition.
An ancient Hebrew prayer from Moses last speech
Good enough to be in God's presence, either in the temple or in heaven pure and uncontaminated
The Ten Commandments
Also known as the Decalogue, this set of Israelite laws are short legal principles inscribed by God onto two stones tablets and given to Moses on Mt. Sinai
Meaning "free from error" the truths necessary for faith and salvation.
A portable tent- shrine used by the Israelites in the desert as a substitute for a permanent temple.
Ark of the Covenant
A gold - covered box used by the Israelites that represented God's presence to the Israelites. The box contained the Ten Commandments.
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