AP Euro 535-544
Terms in this set (21)
Declaration of Pillnitz (1791)
the promise by Austria and Prussia to protect the French monarchy
Paris commune (1792)
created by radicals, many sans coulottes, it governed until the National Convention ruled
National Convention (1792) composition
dominated by lawyers, professionals...2/3 under 45...voted immediately to abolish monarchy and establish republic
National Convention (1792) divisions
Girondins and the Mountain (both from Jacobin club)
represented the provinces...feared radical mob...wanted to keep king alive...eventually arrested by members of the Commune
represented the interests of the city of Paris...won out when it passed a decree condemning Louis XVI to death
Committee of Public Safety
Established and led by Robespierre, fixed bread prices and nationalized some businesses. Basically secret police and also controlled the war effort. Instigated the Reign of Terror.
the newly appointed minister of justice; led the sans-culottes;dominated the Committee of Public Safety
"The incorruptable;" the leader of the bloodiest portion of the French Revolution. He set out to build a republic of virtue.
French Republic's Army
largest army yet in European history (over 1 million)...involved the people more than professional armies
"Reign of Terror"
This was the period in France where Robespierre ruled and used revolutionary terror to solidify the home front. He tried rebels and they were all judged severely and most were executed
Where did most of the guillotining take place?
the Vendee and it cities such as Lyons and Marseilles--places that had been in open rebellion against the authority of the National Convention
The word saint removed from street names, churches pillaged and closed, priests encouraged to marry, Notre-Dame cathedral renamed Temple of Reason
12 months..three ten day weeks...tenth day a day of rest...revolutionary festivals replaced saints days...months named to evoke seasons, temperature,etc...always unpopular it was abandoned by Napoleon in 1806.
was an important leader of the Haïtian Revolution and the first leader of a free Haiti. In a long struggle again the institution of slavery, he led the blacks to victory over the whites and free coloreds and secured native control over the colony in 1797, calling himself a dictator.
abolished by National Convention in 1794
What brought the Reign of Terror to an end?
the execution of Robespierre
The violent backlash in France against the rule of Robspierre that began with his arrest and execution in July 1794, or 9 Thermidor in the French revolutionary calendar. Most of the instruments of Terror were dismantled, Jacobins were purged from public office, and Jacobin supporters were harassed or even murdered.
The Directory was the five-man executive elected by the Legislative Assembly in 1975 after the execution of Robespierre. These men were elected by electors, who were in turn elected by the general census. They supported the expansion of France in foreign lands. However, the unprincipled actions of the Directory only promoted hatred of the wars and of the starvation. The Directory and its constitution was overthrown by Napoleon Bonaparte in a coup d'etat on November 9, 1799. Soldiers disbanded the Legislative Assembly the next day.
Women's role in the French Revolution
women's clubs played active roles...Paris commune outlawed women at its meetings
Republic of Virtue
the Committee of Public Safety said that once the war and domestic crisis were over, the true "Republic of Virtue" would follow, and the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen would be fully realized; along with the Terror, the Committee of Public Safety created a new order called by Robespierre the Republic of Virtue--a democratic republic composed of good citizens