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devoted Catholic; tried to destroy Anglican Church, burned may people at the stake; "Bloody Mary"
half sister of Mary I, protestad, never married/ had kids, had her closest relative, Mary Queen of Scotts killed
Petition of Right, 1628
1- King can't tax people without parliament's permission. 2- Can't declare martial law. 3- Can't board soldiers in private areas during peacetime. 4- can't imprison a person without a specific charge.
controlled by Oliver Cromwell that abolished the monarchy and proclaimed england a republic
Philosopher that argued that people sacrificed their individual liberties for group safety and order.
english philosopher that thinks people should have individual rights and they were superior to gov't laws.
English bill of rights
document that established that parliament had the power to choose who would govern England. Also stated that the monarch needed approval for taxes and to raise an army.
Act of Settlement
Act that stipulated that the nearest Protestant relative of Hanover would be King if Queen Anne had no living children. This was passed to stop a Catholic was taking the throne.
explorer that tried to find the NW passage but ended up getting lost somewhere in northern Canada
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