Module 12 Adolescence and aging

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Terms in this set (...)

Piaget's stages of cognitive development
More refined reasoning skills, abstract thinking, etc.
Adolescent Egocentrism: focus on self; thoughts aren't understood by others
Erikson & Identity
Identity: "self-questioning of who one is, where one is going, and how one fits into society" (N&P, p. 468)
Identity Crisis: major struggle in adolescence
Antisocial behavior
physical aggression, arguing with authority figures, noncompliance, vindictive behaviors
Patterson's Coercive Family Process model
provides a developmental trajectory for antisocial behavior
Conduct Disorder interventions:
behavioral modification, family therapy
Eating Disorders
Anorexia Nervosa: starvation; fear of becoming overweight (Restricted and Binge-Eating-Purging Types)
Bulimia Nervosa: Binge-eating and purging (e.g., with laxatives, vomiting)
Anorexia Nervosa inerventions
Interventions: operant conditioning techniques, social skills training, systematic desensitization
Bulimia Nervosa interventions
Interventions: antecedent control (managing MOs and SDs); self-monitoring (labeling environments and thoughts associated with binge eating)
Adolescent Depression interventions
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT); Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT): Behavioral activation, behavioral productivity, social skills training, etc.
Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT)
changing thoughts and self-statements to influence behavior
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT):
accepting thoughts and circumstances; making commitment to change behaviors (based on Relational Frame Theory)
How many adolescents attempt suicide
2000; third leading cause of death among teens
Female suicides
more attempts
Males suicides
more successful attempts
Substance abuse interventions
Shaping; contingency management
Sexual behavior interventions
social skills training
Emerging adulthood
18-25; Transitional period from adolescence to adulthood; Varies widely among people
Exploring adult roles; obtaining education for career; Most people don't feel they have reached adulthood until after the age of 26
Becoming a parent is an important marker for subjective sense of adulthood
Identity explorations continue from adolescence
Mental disorders can affect end-of-life care
• Mental disorders can affect end-of-life care
• Depression and mood disorders are most common at the end of life
• Anxiety disorders may occur (e.g., death anxiety)
• Delirium: illusions, incoherent thoughts/speech
• Dementia: impaired cognitive functioning
• Substance abuse
Other important issues at the end of life
Autonomy, control, independence
Decision-making capacity
Dignity
Existential/spiritual concerns
Fear, grief, hopelessness
Being a burden on family members and caretakers
Financial issues
four stages of identity formation
identity achievement, moratorium, foreclosure, diffusion
identity achievement
Erikson's term for the attainment of identity, or the point at which a person understands who he or she is as a unique individual, in accord with past experiences and future plans
Moatorium
non-committal about identity, but know about options
identity diffusion
have not questioned identity
identity foreclosure
commitment in the absence of exploration
autonomy
struggle for independence
what accounts for 85% of adolescents deaths
accidents; suicides; homicides
Behavioral Development
advanced reasoning, development of rule-governed behavior, independence from parents, more interactions with peers, risk-taking behavior