S.S. quiz 5
Terms in this set (41)
What is the name of the document of laws and rights for people that the Americans borrowed from the English when creating their constitution?
What are the two ideas of government the Americans borrowed from the English?
Parliament and the Bill of Rights
What earlier document created by the pilgrims was the constitution based off of?
When was the U.S. Constitution signed?
The articles of confederation was...
Americas first constitution, signed in 1777 and ratified in 1781
Why was the Articles of Confederation weak?
Federal government was weak and states could make their own money
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
They rewrote the articles of confederation
Who was the president of the constitutional convention?
What are the three branches of government?
Legislative, Executive, Judicial
What did the Virginia Plan propose?
Larger state/ population = more votes
What did the New Jersey Plan propose?
Each state only has one vote in congress
What was agreed in the great compromise?
Two house legislature with voting from both plans
The division of power between the federal government and the states
What powers did only the federal government have?
Coining money and declaring war
What powers did only the states have?
Holding local elections and creating local government
What powers did the federal government and the states share?
Taxing and holding trials
3/5 Compromise said that slaves...
Count for 3/5 of the vote
Supporters of the constitution
Not supporters of the constitution
The bill of rights includes the ___ of a total of ___ amendments?
In order to put the Constitution into effect in 1787, how many states had to ratify it?
9 out of 13
Why did the anti federalists react negatively to the signed constitution?
It didn't have a bill of rights
Who is knows as "father of the constitution"?
What did the federalist papers do?
Explain the constitution and encourage people to ratify it
Who wrote the Bill of Rights?
When we're the bill of rights ratified?
What are the 6 goals listed in the preamble?
Form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defense, promote general welfare, secure liberty
Which branch is Congress a part of?
What powers does the legislative branch have?
Writing laws and passing laws
Which branch does the president and Vice President belong to?
What powers does the executive branch have?
Veto laws and declare war
What branch does the courts belong to?
What powers does the Judicial branch have?
Find laws unconstitutional and impeach
A Republic is...
A form of government in which citizens rule themselves through elected representatives
How can the president be impeached?
treason, bribery, high crimes and misdemeanors
What is the supreme law of the land?
What are the three qualifications to be president?
Native born citizen, 35+ years old, lived in the US for at least 14 years
What are the requirements to be a Representative?
25 years old, citizen for 7 years
What are the requirements to be a senator?
At least 30, U.S citizen for at least 9 years, live in the state you want to represent
What five freedoms are listed in the firs amendment?
Speech, religion, assembly, press, petition
What are two freedoms in the bill of rights?
Bear arms, trial by jury