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11 terms

Chapter 15

STUDY
PLAY
attribution theory
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting the situation or the person's disposition
conformity
adjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard
prejudice
an unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members
ingroup
"Us"-- people with whom we share a common identity
outgroup
"Them"-- those perceived as different or apart from our ingroup
stereotype
a generalized belief about a group of people
normative social influence
influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval
informational social influence
influence resulting from one's willingness to accept others' opinions about reality
deindividuation
the loss of self-awareness and self-restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity
groupthink
the mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives
aggression
any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy