one of the two subdivisions of the skeleton, the bones that form the longitudinal axis of the body, the skull, vertebral column, ribs, and sternum.
One of the two subdivisions of the skeleton, the bones of the limbs and girdles that are attached to the axial skeleton.
the ends of the long bone, consists of a thin layer of compact bone enclosing an area filled with spongy bone.
a flat plate of hyaline cartilage seen in young, growing bone. Cause the lengthwise growth of the bone.
The cavity of the shaft that is a storage area for adipose (fat) tissue, also called yellow marrow.
Concentric rings/circles made up of groups of hollow tubes of bone matrix that the lacunae are arranged in.
Central Haversion Canal
Canal that opens in the center of the osteon and contains blood vessels and nerves
Completes the communication pathway from the outside of the bone to its interior which run into the compact bone at right angles to the shaft.
process of bone formation that involves two major phases. First, hyaline cartilage model is covered with bone matrix and then the cartilage is digested away opening a medullary cavity within the newly formed bone.
giant bone-destroying cells in bones that break down bone matrix and release calcium ions into the blood.
a disease of children in which the bones fail to calcify, the bones soften and the legs bow.
slightly movable joints. Bones united by cartilage, no joint cavity is present
the connecting fibers are longer than those of sutures; thus the joint has more "give". An immovable joint in which bones are joined by connective tissue. Between tibula and fibula.
the most common form of arthritis, a chronic degenerative condition that typically affects the aged.
a chronic inflammatory disorder, it's a disorder in which the body's immune system attempts to destroy its own tissues.
Gout (y arthritis)
a disease in which uric acid accumulates in the blood and may be deposited as needle-shaped crystals in the soft tissues of joints.