Social Studies Chapter 4 Important Concepts
Important concepts from World of Cultures. 7th grade Woodward Academy.
Terms in this set (18)
Why did powerful kingdoms emerge in Africa?
Region was rich in natural resources such as gold, salt, iron, and copper. It was empty land ready to be claimed and ruled.
How did trade affect the peoples of East Africa?
It expanded their territory and increased the creation of city-states. It also brought business for other important goods needed in the area.
How did trade encourage cultural diffusion in Africa?
Although trade brought goods, it also brought along with it foreign ideas, beliefs, and customs to the country carried by the people.
What cultural ties united people in African societies?
Family ties played an important part. Often, extended families shared close quarters in their homes. Ties of kinship united people beyond the extended family. Sharing a common lineage created bonds of loyalty and responsibility.
How did the role of women vary in different African cultures?
If farming societies, they did the planting, weeding, and harvesting. Elsewhere, they were centered on family and where honored because they bore children. The role of women varied everywhere. In some places, they held positions of power, or after married became her husband's property.
What is bride wealth?
When courting, the man was expected to offer a valuable gift to the bride's family. Giving bride wealth was a way of recognizing a woman's importance. It was a promise not to mistreat her in any way.
How did religion reflect the cultural diversity of Africa?
It reflected the cultural diversity by helping to unite different societies. Through religion, people came to understand their origins. Although beliefs and ceremonies varied, African religions have had some common threads.
Why did Europeans become interested in Africa?
Europeans tried to find a shorter sea route around Africa to get to India. They sent explorers to map the coast of Africa. After they studied Africa, the Europeans realized that the African continent had a lot of potential laborers. Later, Europeans also found gold in Africa and they were interested in mining it.
Why were millions of Africans sent as slaves to the Americas?
The colonies were just developing and there was a high demand for raw labor. This human capital was necessary to make the European investments in the Americas profitable. Europeans concluded that the Africans could survive in the hot, harsh climates of the southern Americas and Caribbean.
How did the Atlantic slave trade affect Africa?
The Atlantic slave trade disrupted some African societies completely. Interestingly, in some other African societies, the slave trade had little or no impact. The slave trade increased tensions and precipitated war between some African communities, interrupting the economic progress in these societies. Additionally, by taking many of the strongest laborers, it left some African societies without the labor they needed to survive.
Why did Europeans carve up Africa into colonies?
The Europeans wanted the control the most land as a statement of power, and the colony structure enabled them to claim and govern the most land.
How did technology help Europeans divide Africa?
New medical knowledge helped the Europeans survive better in the new land. Additionally, the new Maxim gun gave them a military advantage over their African opponents.
How did Africans resist European imperialism?
Many Africans resisted the European imperialism with military force. To strengthen the military, one ruler hired Europeans to train and equip his native force.
What groups fought for control of southern Africa?
The British, the Boers (Dutch settlers) and Zulus fought for control of southern Africa.
What methods did Europeans use to rule their colonies?
They used both direct and indirect rule. Direct rule meant that the colonial power controlled the government at every level. Indirect rule left traditional rulers in place, but the British expected these local rulers to enforce the rules the British set.
What economic changes did European rule bring to Africa?
They brought about the money economy, replacing the barter system. This wrecked havoc with the traditional society because the local people had to leave the traditional home place to get a job to make money. It undermined family life as the traditional Africans understood it.
How did European rule affect African cultures?
The Europeans encouraged individual ownership of land. This fostered a sense of the "individual" over that of the "group."
What material improvements did Europeans introduce into Africa?
Colonial rule brought more modern methods of communication (telegraphs) and transportation (roads). The Europeans set up hospitals and improved the sanitary water systems of the local peoples.
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