Condition in which your airways narrow and swell and produce extra mucus.
S- chest tightness, Coughing, wheezing, breathing difficult and trigger coughing, shortness of breath.
( Exercise-induced asthma), which may be worse when the air is cold and dry
(Occupational asthma), triggered by workplace irritants such as chemical fumes, gases or dust
(Allergy-induced asthma), triggered by airborne substances, such as pollen, mold spores, cockroach waste or particles of skin and dried saliva shed by pets (pet dander)
Attacks are from environmental factors, Cold air
Air pollutants and irritants, such as smoke,
1 in 11 children have asthma, 1 in 12 adults have asthma, About 9 people die from asthma each day
Treated by Inhaled corticosteroids. These anti-inflammatory drugs, Leukotriene modifiers- these oral medications
Impaired communication and social interaction, Signs usually are seen by age 2 years.
Caused by the fragile X syndrome. For other children, genetic changes (mutations), environmental factors. Researchers are currently exploring whether factors such as viral infections,
Treatment - Behavior and communication therapies., Educational therapies, Antidepressants for anxiety
S- poor eye contact, learning disability, anxiety, a learning disability.
attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
Tourette's syndrome or other tic disorders.
obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
generalised anxiety disorder.
Signs- Doesn't respond with a smile or happy expression by 6 months
Doesn't mimic sounds or facial expressions by 9 months
Doesn't babble or coo by 12 months
Sensitivity to complexity, Has poor eye contact and lacks facial expression
viral infection entering body through eyes nose or mouth, can be deadly.
S- fever, muscle ache, Sore throat,Headache
Young children under age 5, and especially those under 2 years
Adults older than age 65
Residents of nursing homes and other long-term care facilities
Pregnant women and women up to two weeks postpartum
People with weakened immune systems
Taking antiviral drugs within the first 48 hours after you first notice symptoms
Flu shot, antiviral medication, such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza), Oseltamivir is an oral medication
Types- A (H1N1/H3N2), animals/humans; B (1 or 2), only humans; C, Bird flu
viruses with an icosahedral nucleocapsid with a double stranded DNA genome..... associated respiratory illnesses
3, 4, 7, 14- cause Acute respiratory illnesses among military recruits and general public (since 2007)
40, 41- cause gastroenteritis (usually among children)
8, 19, 37, 53, 54 - cause conjunctivitis
S- a little bit worst than common cold, pink eye (conjunctivitis), reached through eyes, nose, or mouth
Treatment- vaccine for 4, 7; Antiviral (Cidofovir)
childhood infection caused by a virus.
-fatal for small children
-kills more than 100,000 people a year, most under the age of 5.
Fever, Dry cough, Runny nose, Sore throat, Inflamed eyes (conjunctivitis)
Tiny white spots with bluish-white centers found inside the mouth in cheek; Koplik's spots
A skin rash
Symptoms appear around 10 to 14 days after exposure
highly contagious illness in the nose, throat of an infected child or adult; infected droplets
Treatment- Vaccine, Immune serum globulin (Pregnant, Newborns), Antibiotics, Vitamin A
group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose).
Type 1 - Juvenile Diabetes; A chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin; Symptoms... thirst, frequent urination, hunger, fatigue, and blurred vision.
Type 2 - A chronic condition that affects the way the body processes blood sugar (glucose); Symptoms... increased thirst, frequent urination, hunger (weight gain or loss), fatigue, and blurred vision, there may be no symptoms.
Prediabetes - A condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes; NO SYMPTOMS
Gestational diabetes - A form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women; Sometimes NO SYMPTOMS, needs blood sugar test.
Treated by healthy diet, excersie; Type 1 & 2 require insulin therapy also
Mental health disorders catorgraized with feelings of worry, anxiety or strong fear
3 mil + US cases a year
Types- generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder (social phobia), specific phobias and separation anxiety disorder.
Symptoms are insomnia, fatigue, lack of concentration, sweating, nervousness
Diabetes, Thyroid problems, such as hyperthyroidism are all linked to Anxiety
Risk are Trauma in children, stress due to illness, Personality, drugs or alcohol
Treatments are avoiding alcohol/caffeine/smoking, Physical exercise, Psychotherapy
recurring problems in falling or staying asleep, (daytime)
Acute - It's usually the result of stress or a traumatic event, Lasts for days or weeks
Chronic- may be associated with other medical conditions or medications, Lasts for months or more
Causes - stress, illness, enviromental factors, discomfort
Prevention- limit naps, avoid large meals and beverages before bedtime
Risk- Women (Menstrual cycle), Age 60+ (sleep patterns/health),
treatments - improving sleep habits, behavior therapy, and identifying and treating underlying causes.
a blow to the head or a penetrating head injury that damages the brain, for example, Falls, Vehicle-related collisions, violence, sports injuries, Explosive blasts and other combat injuries.
Symptoms - amnesia, inability to speak or understand language, mental confusion, inability to create new memories, abnormal laughing and crying
Risk- Children, especially newborns to 4-year-olds
Young adults, especially those between ages 15 and 24
Adults age 60 and older
Males in any age group
Treatment involve rest, medication (Diuretic) surgery (Decompressive craniectomy)
Spreads through mosquito bites, birth, sex, blood transfusion
Symptoms include fever, rash, headache, joint pain, red eyes, and muscle pain
Symptoms last for several days to a week people very rarely died of Zika
Problem: During pregnancy the birth defects microcephaly, and other severe brain defects. Also links to miscarriage, stillbirth, Nervous system illness, and Gillian-Barré syndrome
Prevented by long sleeve shirts and long pants EPA insect repellents
Dx- blood/urine tests
If you have Zika get rest, drink fluids, take acetaminophen, No NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), talk to your doctor about your medication your currently taking
Called ("JUULing" or "Vaping) Other names: e-cigs, Vapes, e-hookahs, vape pen, Electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS)
Most have a battery, heating element, and place to hold liquid
Produce and aerosol by heating a liquid with nicotine, diacetyl (linked to lung disease), Volatile organic pounds, nickel, tin, lead, unltrafine particles.
Can be used to deliver marijuana
JUUL, USB shaped e-cigarettes. 1 single JUUL pod contains as nicotine as 20 reg. cigarettes
Changes the way the brain builds synapses (strong connections built in-between each brain cell when a memory or skill is created)
Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death
Rolls of shredded tobacco wrapped in paper, today usually fitted at the mouth end with a filter
9/10 causes of lung cancer Bladder,
Blood (acute myeloid leukemia), Cervix,
Colon and rectum,
Kidney and renal pelvis,
Lungs bronchi and trachea,
Mouth and throat,
Voice box (larynx)
Tobacco smoke has 70+ chemicals that cause cancer known as Carcinogens
Every year more than 7,300 non-smokers die of lung cancer from second-hand smoke
Smokeless tobacco, dipping and chewing tobacco
cancers linked to tobacco use make up 40% of all cancers diagnosed
3 in 10 of all cancer deaths
A colorless, odorless gas that occurs as a by-product of fuel combustion that may result in death in poorly ventilated areas.
Produced by anytime you burn fuel in cars, trucks, small engines, stoves, lanterns, grills, fireplaces, gas ranges, or furnaces
Symptoms- headache, dizziness, weakness, upset stomach, vomiting, chest pain, confusion, "flu-like"
DEADLY, sleepers and drunkards die without symptoms
Everyone's at risk, infants, elderly, people with chronic heart disease, anemia, or breathing problems are at higher risk
an eating pattern characterized by variety, balance, adequacy, and moderation
fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and fat-free or low-fat milk and milk products
Fresh, Frozen, or Canned Fruits/ veggies
Watch out for: added sugars or syrups; and added salt, butter, or cream sauces.
Calcium-rich foods (without added sugars)
A new twist on an old favorite
The Zone diet - Dr. Barry Sears more than 30+, Protein - 1/3rd, Carbohydrates - 2/3rds, Fat
Ketogenic diet - Standard ketogenic diet (SKD):75% fat, 20% protein and only 5% carbs
Vegetarian diet.- Lacto-vegetarian diets exclude meat, fish, poultry and eggs, as well as foods that contain them