Unit 4: Becoming a World Power and World War I
Terms in this set (20)
Imperialism is a state policy, practice, or advocacy of extending power and dominion, especially by direct territorial acquisition or by gaining political and economic control of other areas.
This was one of the causes of WWI. Britain and France practiced this by at the end of WWI, Britain taking Iran and France taking Syria.
Journalism that exploits, distorts, or exaggerates the news to create sensations and attract readers. Borders between being false and being exaggerated.
The First United States Volunteer Calvary, a mixure of Ivy League athletes and western frontiermen, that volunteered to fight in the Spanish-American War. Enlisted and led by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles Cuba during the Spanish-American War.
San Juan Hill
Site of the most famous battle of the Spanish-American war, where Theodore Roosevelt successfully leads the Rough Riders in a charge against the Spanish trenches.
Treaty of Paris
Treaty which ended the Revolutionary War. Made the independence of the American Colonies valid.
U.S. Battleship that exploded in Havana Harbor in 1898; Evidence suggests an internal explosion, however Spanish military was framed by Yellow Journalism; The incident was a catalyst for the Spanish American War.
The war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations.
League of Nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace. It was first proposed in 1918 by President Woodrow Wilson, although the United States never joined the League. Essentially powerless, it was officially dissolved in 1946.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty that ended WW I. It blamed Germany for WW I and handed down harsh punishment.
Henry Cabot Lodge
Henry Cabot Lodge was a Republican who disagreed with the Versailles Treaty, and who was the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. He mostly disagreed with the section that called for the League to protect a member who was being threatened.
A protectorate, in its inception adopted by modern international law, is a dependent territory that has been granted local autonomy and some independence while still retaining the suzerainty of a greater sovereign state.
The belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests. One of the causes of WWI.
A strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country. The feeling that one's country is the best and all other countries are inferior. One of the causes of WWI.
A British passenger ship that was sunk by a German U-Boat on May 7, 1915. 128 Americans died. The sinking greatly turned American opinion against the Germans, helping the move towards entering the war.
1917 - Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to convince Mexico to go to war with the U.S. It was intercepted and caused the U.S. to mobilized against Germany, which had proven it was hostile
In World War I the alliance of Germany and Austria-Hungary and other nations allied with them in opposing the Allies. Called the Central Powers because it was situated in the middle of Europe, between Russia and France.
Britain, France, and Russia- Later joined by Italy and US. They fought the Central Powers during World War I.
Information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view. Most notably utilized by governments to influence public opinion.
As part of the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay fines to the Allies to repay the costs of the war. Opposed by the U.S., it quickly lead to a severe depression in Germany. These reparations were virtually impossible to pay back
Open Door Policy
Statement of U.S. foreign policy toward China. Issued by U.S. secretary of state John Hay (1899), the statement reaffirmed the principle that all countries should have equal access to any Chinese port open to trade.