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Sociology of Religion
Sociology Chapter 11
Terms in this set (21)
Ideas that explain the world and identify what should be sacred or held in awe—that is, a religion's ultimate concerns.
A large group of religiously oriented people into which members are usually born (rather than joining consciously and voluntarily).
The beliefs, practices, and symbols that a nation holds sacred.
A new, innovative, small, voluntary, and exclusive religious tradition that was never associated with any religious organization.
The process by which the most advantaged individuals are awarded the best opportunities, which increases inequality over time.
A religious group not linked to the state that exhibits a general spirit of tolerance and acceptance of other religious bodies.
A strongly held belief in the fundamental or foundational precepts of any religion, or a rejection of the modern secular world.
An internalized set of preferences and dispositions that are learned through experience and social interactions in specific social contexts.
A special time set apart from ordinary reality.
A system based on a dominant ideology involving the widely shared belief that all people have an equal chance of succeeding economically based on their hard work and skills.
New Religious Movements
Movements that attract zealous religious converts, follow charismatic leaders, appeal to an atypical portion of the population, have a tendency to differentiate between "us" and "them," are characterized by distrust of others, and are prone to rapid fundamental changes.
To Durkheim, what has not been defined as sacred, or what is ordinary and mundane.
A social phenomenon that consists of beliefs about the sacred; the experiences, practices, and rituals that reinforce those beliefs; and the communities that share similar beliefs and practices.
Rites of Passage
Events, usually rituals, that surround major transitions in life, such as birth, puberty, marriage, and death.
A set of regularly repeated, prescribed, and traditional behaviors that serve to symbolize some value or belief.
To Durkheim, what is extraordinary, set aside, and of ultimate concern and leads to awe and reverence.
A small group of people who have joined the group consciously and voluntarily to have a personal religious experience.
The declining significance of religion.
Grouping students by ability, which is typically measured by standardized test scores and/or grades.
Government-issued certificates that allow students to use public tax dollars to pay tuition at private schools.
A culture's most comprehensive image of the ways in which life—nature, self, and society—is ordered.
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