21 terms

unit 5- imperialism- Modern world history

complete economic, social and political control from one nation to another
British East India Company
a joint stock company granted a royal charter by Elizabeth the first in 1600 for the purpose of controlling trade in india
sepoy mutiny
an 1857 rebellion of Hindu and Muslim soldiers against the British in India
Britain's rule over India from 1757 to 1947
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, it appealed increasingly to the poor, and it organized mass protests demanding self-government and independence.
Muslim League
organization formed by muslims in 1906 to protect their interests against British Rule.
unequal treaties
treaties between China and the Western powers after the Opium War that vastly favored the Western powers
extra territoriality
the right to live under their own country laws and be tried in their own courts, but stay in another country.
Meji Restoration
The restoration of the Emperor Meiji to power in Japan, overthrowing the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868.
Social Darwinism
19th century of belief that evolutionary ideas theorized by Charles Darwin could be applied to society.
Berlin Conference
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
Scramble for africa
Term given for the rapid invasion of Africa by the various European powers. This began imperialism in Africa.
Cecil Rhodes
British entrepreneur and politician involved in the expansion of the British Empire from South Africa into Central Africa. The colonies of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) were named after him.
Leopold II
Belgian king who ruthlessly exploited the natives on his African land for personal gain.
Shaka Zulu
Leader of Zulu people, Around 1816 used highly disciplined warriors and good military organization to create a large centralized state. The Zulu land became part of British-controlled land in 1887.
Menelik II
..., Emperor of Ethiopia who played Italians, British, and French against each other while buying weapons from France and Russia. In the Battle of Adowa, Ethiopian forces successfully defeated the Italians and maintained their independence.
Opium war
1839-1842, it was fought between the British and Chinese over the opium trade. The British were ultimately victorious, and the war ended in the Treaty of Nanjing.
Spheres of Influence
Areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly (ex. Europe and U.S. in China)
Taiping Rebellion
(1850-1864) revolt against the Qing dynasty in China led by Hong Xiuquan, a convert to Christianity; over 20 million Chinese died; eventually suppressed with British and French aid
Boxer Rebellion
A 1900 Uprising in China aimed at ending foreign influence in the country.
Sino Japanese War
(1894-95) War fought between China and Japan. After Korea was opened to Japanese trade in 1876, it rapidly became an arena for rivalry between the expanding Japanese state and neighbouring China,