British East India Company
a joint stock company granted a royal charter by Elizabeth the first in 1600 for the purpose of controlling trade in india
Indian National Congress
A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, it appealed increasingly to the poor, and it organized mass protests demanding self-government and independence.
organization formed by muslims in 1906 to protect their interests against British Rule.
treaties between China and the Western powers after the Opium War that vastly favored the Western powers
the right to live under their own country laws and be tried in their own courts, but stay in another country.
The restoration of the Emperor Meiji to power in Japan, overthrowing the Tokugawa Shogunate in 1868.
19th century of belief that evolutionary ideas theorized by Charles Darwin could be applied to society.
A meeting from 1884-1885 at which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa
Scramble for africa
Term given for the rapid invasion of Africa by the various European powers. This began imperialism in Africa.
British entrepreneur and politician involved in the expansion of the British Empire from South Africa into Central Africa. The colonies of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) and Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) were named after him.
Leader of Zulu people, Around 1816 used highly disciplined warriors and good military organization to create a large centralized state. The Zulu land became part of British-controlled land in 1887.
..., Emperor of Ethiopia who played Italians, British, and French against each other while buying weapons from France and Russia. In the Battle of Adowa, Ethiopian forces successfully defeated the Italians and maintained their independence.
1839-1842, it was fought between the British and Chinese over the opium trade. The British were ultimately victorious, and the war ended in the Treaty of Nanjing.
Spheres of Influence
Areas in which countries have some political and economic control but do not govern directly (ex. Europe and U.S. in China)
(1850-1864) revolt against the Qing dynasty in China led by Hong Xiuquan, a convert to Christianity; over 20 million Chinese died; eventually suppressed with British and French aid