35 terms

Restoration 18th century

the pilgrims and the puritans
who are fighting in the English Civil War in the 1640's?
the roundheads (puritans)
Which group of people always had the tophats?
frugal lifestyle (austerity), simple clothing, Protestant Christian values
What did the roundheads (puritans) focus on?
sophistication, good times, theatre, coffee shops
What did the Royalists focus on?
the Puritans
Who won the English Civil war?
in what year is Charles 1st executed?
Oliver Cromwell
Who takes over as a Puritan dictator?
theatre, coffee shops, horse racing and dog fighting
What 4 things did Oliver Cromwell ban?
cavaliers, comes from the French word coeval (horse)
What are the group of people that support Charles 2nd called?
they are lovers, they love women and poetry, theatre and arts
What do the cavaliers love?
time pity and fear
What are the 3 tricks of the carpe diem poems?
The Anglican church
What church was re-established after Oliver Cromwell dies?
What religion was outlawed?
His Catholic brother James, who transfers it to William and Mary
Who got the throne when Charles 2nd died?
What religion were WIllaim and Mary?
french furniture, they liked coffee houses, theatre, restaurants, card playing
What were some of the "haves" during the Revolution?
overcrowded tenenments, rats, lice, bedbugs, no doctors police or education
What were some of the "have nots" during the Revolution?
Augustan Age, Neoclassical age, Age of reason, Restoration, Enlightment
What are the 5 names of this era?
Antoine Lavoisier
Who discovered oxygen?
Sir Isaac Newton
Who discovered the theory of light and colour?
Alexander Pope
Who said "Nature and nature's laws lay hid in night; God said "Let Newton be" and all was light."?
Alexander Pope and Jonathan Swift
Who were the superstars of satire?
it represents the church
what does the cross represent on the top of the Gates of Calais painting?
represents the family, monarchy, GOVERNMENT
what does the crest mean on the Gates of Calais painting?
they are prisoners of war
who are the Scottish people in the GOC painting?
it gives the men no nutrition, barely enough to keep them alive
what is the soup mairge in the GOC painting?
some people think the job of the church is to actually feed the people who are hungry, while others think it means to feed them the word of God
what do people think the job of the church is?
What religion is Ireland?
What religion is England?
you can't bear arms
you can't own a horse over 5 pounds
can't buy land
can't serve in the army
can't hold public office
what are the penal laws against the catholics?
folly - foolish
vice - corruption
what are vice and folly?
human institutions - government and businesses
if you want a good job, you have to be a good acrobat
what features of human instutitions in Swift satirizing?
a mock heroic poem
what type of poem is the rape of the lock?
the heroic couplet
what is the building block of the 18th century?
periphrasis: high - sounding circumlocution

abstraction ; man or wit (concept)

inverted sentences

iambic pentameter


masucline rhyme
what are 6 elements of the heroic couplet?