chapter 15 test anthropology

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Biological Sex
male or female patterns of growth and development of secondary sex characteristics caused by an individual's sex chromosomal makeup (mostly XX female or XY male)
gender
a person's internal experience of their identity as a man, woman, both, neither or some other social defined category and the expression of that identity in social behavior
sexual Selection
the selection for traits ("weapons and ornaments") that enhance an individual's desirability and success in mating that increase the likelihood one's genes will be passed on to the next generation: Intrasexual selection-favors the ability of one sex, usually males, to compete directly with one another for fertilizations, for example by fighting (i.e. weapons); intersexual selection-favors traits in one sex which attract the other (i.e. o
Intrasexual selection
favors the ability of one sex, usually males, to compete directly with one another for fertilizations, for example by fighting (i.e. weapons); intersexual selection-favors traits in one sex which attract the other (i.e. o
kin Selection
selection that favors the reproductive success of an organism's relatives, even at a cost to their own survival and/or reproduction
stermarck Hypothesis
siblings raised together (especially during the first 5 years of life) develop an aversion to seeing each other as reproductive partners
reciprocity
a set of social rules that govern the specialized sharing of food and other items
symbol
a type of sign that stands for something else with little or no natural relationship to the referant;
icon
a type of sign that physically resembles the referent
language
a symbolic system expressing meaning through sound or gesture
code switching
the practice of moving easily between speech styles or languages in a conversation or a single uttera
Hygiene Hypothe
increasing allergies in children result of decreased exposure to microbes such as those in dirt
First World Insustainability
closted-loop system (finite resources and cannot sustain infinite growth)
David Maybury-Lewis
Western society glorifies individual's rights and desires releasing individuals from bonds of kinship and family
technological changes
use of fossil fuels, emission of gases from manufacturing, deforestation
PRENATAL
Embryonic & Fetal Period
POSTNATAL
Neonatal, Infancy, childhood, adolescence, adulthood, senescence
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