10 terms

Greek and Roman Art

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Kritios Boy, Greek, c. 490 - 480 B.C.E.
¥ Depict beauty of observed human
form; man at his best
¥ Poses may be graceful & at ease; use of
contrapposto
¥ Sculptures depict Gods and humans in
idealized, youthful human form
¥ 2-D and 3-D art based on observation
Myron (sculptor), Discobolus, Greek, c. 460 - 450 B.C.E.
¥ Sculptures depict Gods and humans in
idealized, youthful human form
¥ Poses may be dynamic & balanced
¥ Depict beauty of observed human
form; man at his best
¥ Emotion expressed through body, not
face
Riace Bronzes, Greek, c. 460 - 450 B.C.E.
¥ Poses may be graceful & at ease; use of
contrapposto
¥ Sculptures depict Gods and humans in
idealized, youthful human form
¥ Depict beauty of observed human
form; man at his best
¥ 2-D and 3-D art based on observation
Polykleitos (sculptor), Doryphoros, Greek bronze, Roman marble copy, c. 450 -440 B.C.E.
¥ Poses may be graceful & at ease; use of
contrapposto
¥ Sculptures depict Gods and humans in
idealized, youthful human form
¥ Depict beauty of observed human
form; man at his best
¥ 2-D and 3-D art based on observation
Winged Nike of Samothrace, c. 190 B.C.E.
¥ Sculptures depict Gods and humans in
idealized, youthful human form
¥ Use of images in story telling
¥ Subject matter scenes from mythology
¥ Poses may be dynamic & balanced;
Laocoon Group, Rome, c. 175 - 150 BCE.
¥ Use of images in story telling
¥ Republic influenced heavily by Greece
¥ Sculptures depict humans realistically
¥ Depict beauty of observed human form; man at his best
Head of Roman Patrician, c.75-50 B.C.E.
¥ Subject matter of sculpture primarily civic leaders
¥ Sculptures depict humans realistically
¥ Display socio-economic status (Can tell that he is a patrician due to his garb, that of a senator, civic leader)
¥ Demonstrate military power (Theory: evidence can be found to support. Evidence = scars on the face could be from swords/battle.)
Prima Porta Augustus, c. 20 B.C.E. - 9 A.D.
¥ Sculptures depict emperors idealistically
¥ Subject matter of sculpture primarily civic leaders, military battles
¥ Demonstrate military power
¥ influenced heavily by Greece
Parthenon, Athens, Greece, 447- 432 B.C.E.
¥ Golden Age of Arts and Sciences

(Doesn't say much else about architecture in Greece)
Pantheon, Rome, c. 125. A.D.
¥ Arch introduced as architectural form
¥ Civil engineering significant contribution to Western society

(Doesn't say much else about architecture in Rome)
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