How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Ch. 6 Juvenile Courts/Corrections

STUDY
PLAY
more
Juveniles today are ________ likely to come into contact with police, courts and correctional facilities than at any time in history.
2.5
Police take into custody _________ milliton juveniles every year.
delinquency hearings
Trials for minors (under age 18) who are charged with
an offense that would be classified as crimes if they
were adults are called ____________.
18
Trials for minors (under age ___) who are charged with
an offense that would be classified as crimes if they
were adults are called delinquency hearings.
Status offenses
_____________are acts that would not be considered
crimes if committed by an adult. Examples: running
away, truancy curfew violations.
tried as adults
Juveniles who have committed certain offenses may be
___________.
murder
In Nevada, children who are charged with _______ or
attempted _________ are tried as adults, regardless of
their age.
adult criminal courts
Minors between the ages of 16 and 18 who are charged
with felonies or gross misdemeanors can be tried in
the ______________.
adults
Hearings are conducted for juveniles to determine if
they will be certified as __________.
violent
Hearings are conducted for juveniles to determine if
they will be certified as adults, and usually reserved for _________ crimes.
presumptive
Nevada previously had a ___________ certification
process which held that juveniles charged with crimes
that involve use of a fire arm are subject to a
presumption of certification to criminal court with an
opportunity to present mitigating facors to rebut the
presumption.
fire arm
Nevada previously had a presumptive certification
process which held that juveniles charged with crimes
that involve use of a _________ are subject to a
presumption of certification to criminal court with an
opportunity to present mitigating facors to rebut the
presumption.
evidence
The juvenile was re required to show by clear and
convincing _____________ that emotional, behavioral or
substance abuse problems substantially contributed to
the commission of the crime during presumptive certification.
criminal court
If the minor wants to plead not guilty, they would
proceed to _____________ for trial.
juvenile system
They would need to plead guilty in order to receive a
psychological evaluation that might allow them to
remain in the ____________.
guilty
They would need to plead _________ in order to receive a
psychological evaluation that might allow them to
remain in the juvenile system.
not guilty
If the minor wants to plead __________, they would
proceed to criminal court for trial.
guilty plea
The _________ could be used against them in criminal
court if the evaluation indicated no emotional,
behavioral, substance abuse problems and they were
certified as an adult.
no
The guilty plea could be used against them in criminal
court if the evaluation indicated _______emotional,
behavioral, substance abuse problems and they were
certified as an adult.
5
The Nevada Supreme Court declared presumptive
certification to be an unconstitutional violation of an
individual's ___th Amendment rights as the individual
basically had two choices: 1) Admit guilt even though
that admission could be used against them in juvenile
or adult proceedings; or 2) proceed to criminal court
dispute emotional, behavioral, or substance abuse
problems.
presumptive certification
The Nevada Supreme Court declared __________________ to be an unconstitutional violation of an
individual's 5th Amendment rights as the individual
basically had two choices: 1) Admit guilt even though
that admission could be used against them in juvenile
or adult proceedings; or 2) proceed to criminal court
dispute emotional, behavioral, or substance abuse
problems.
discretionary
Juveniles can still be tried as adults using
________________certification which requires approval
from a judge after prosecutors make their case based
on factors such a s seriousness of the crime, threat to
public safety, and the juvenile's criminal history.
judge
A _________ can order a psychological assessment in order
to determine whether the minor should be tried in
juvenile or criminal court.
treatment
Juvenile courts have more discretion in placing
adolescents in ______________programs appropriate to
their needs.
increase
Adult problems, i.e., prisons and other facilities are
not suited to the adolescents needs and may __________chances of institutionalization.
not
Adult problems, i.e., prisons and other facilities are
________ suited to the adolescents needs and may increase
chances of institutionalization.
punishment
Placement in adult facilities constitutes __________rather than rehabilitation and likely increases recidivism.
competent to stand trial
In order to participate in delinquency hearing a
juvenile must be ________________; similar to
adults.
developmental
Juveniles are less effective participants in proceedings
due to ________________ issues.
Dusky standard
___________is not sufficient to determine competency.
Decisional competency
_________________, i.e., ability to make decisions,
weigh alternatives and understand consequences, are
more prominent.
sufficient
Dusky standard is necessary but not ___________to
determine competency in minors.
extensive
There is a more __________ need for structured
interviews with various legal terms and scenarios to
help judge the adolescent's decision making
capabilities.
undiagnosed
Other factors include___________mental illness or
intellectual impairment as well as educational level for determining competence to stand trial.
constitutional
Evidence suggests that many juveniles cannot
understand their _____________rights.
self -incrimination
Juveniles have the same constitutional rights against
__________ as adults.
parents
Research strongly suggests that _________ often
encourage juveniles to cooperate with police, answer
questions and confess.
authority
Adolescents are more amenable to coercive pressure
from ___________ figures.
waiving
_____________Miranda rights is only valid if made willingly,
knowingly, and intelligently.
suggestibility
Research has indicated that age and __________ are
strong indicators of Miranda competence.
age
Research has indicated that ____and suggestibility are
strong indicators of Miranda competence.
instruments
Grisso recommends use of standardized_____________ in performing assessments to waive Miranda rights.
written
Juvenile has the right to __________ notice of charges against them.
witnesses
Juvenile has the right to confront and cross‐examine _________.
self-incrimination
Juvenile has the privilege against _______________.
lawyer
Juvenile has the right to the assistance of a __________ in their defense.
juvenile
Guardianship of minors, abandonment, abuse hearings, and neglect hearings are other___________ court functions.
rehabilitative
In spite of a trend towards punitiveness and
accountability on the part of juveniles who commit crimes, the juvenile justice system n most states continue to be ________ in orientation.
rehabilitation
Are all types of _________ models: Group homes, Therapeutic boarding schools, Outpatient substance abuse treatment. Wilderness programs. Detention facilities and Multimodal approach.
not
The majority of programs have _____ been submitted to empirical investigation
residental
Research results are often disappointing in assessing effectiveness, particularly for programs based in _________ settings.
disappointing
Research results are often _______ in assessing effectiveness, particularly for programs based in residential settings.
community
Strong need for _________ based treatment.
cognitive-behavioral foundation
Common features of effective programs include c________- _________ f________.
multimodel-group
Common features of effective programs include m_______- g_____.
family therapy
Common features of effective programs include f_____ t_________.
case management
Common features of effective programs include c_______m ______.
social skills training
Common features of effective programs include s_______ s______ t_________.
follow-up component
Common features of effective programs include f_________-u___ c__________.