Juveniles today are ________ likely to come into contact with police, courts and correctional facilities than at any time in history.
Police take into custody _________ milliton juveniles every year.
Trials for minors (under age 18) who are charged with an offense that would be classified as crimes if they were adults are called ____________.
Trials for minors (under age ___) who are charged with an offense that would be classified as crimes if they were adults are called delinquency hearings.
_____________are acts that would not be considered crimes if committed by an adult. Examples: running away, truancy curfew violations.
tried as adults
Juveniles who have committed certain offenses may be ___________.
In Nevada, children who are charged with _______ or attempted _________ are tried as adults, regardless of their age.
adult criminal courts
Minors between the ages of 16 and 18 who are charged with felonies or gross misdemeanors can be tried in the ______________.
Hearings are conducted for juveniles to determine if they will be certified as __________.
Hearings are conducted for juveniles to determine if they will be certified as adults, and usually reserved for _________ crimes.
Nevada previously had a ___________ certification process which held that juveniles charged with crimes that involve use of a fire arm are subject to a presumption of certification to criminal court with an opportunity to present mitigating facors to rebut the presumption.
Nevada previously had a presumptive certification process which held that juveniles charged with crimes that involve use of a _________ are subject to a presumption of certification to criminal court with an opportunity to present mitigating facors to rebut the presumption.
The juvenile was re required to show by clear and convincing _____________ that emotional, behavioral or substance abuse problems substantially contributed to the commission of the crime during presumptive certification.
If the minor wants to plead not guilty, they would proceed to _____________ for trial.
They would need to plead guilty in order to receive a psychological evaluation that might allow them to remain in the ____________.
They would need to plead _________ in order to receive a psychological evaluation that might allow them to remain in the juvenile system.
If the minor wants to plead __________, they would proceed to criminal court for trial.
The _________ could be used against them in criminal court if the evaluation indicated no emotional, behavioral, substance abuse problems and they were certified as an adult.
The guilty plea could be used against them in criminal court if the evaluation indicated _______emotional, behavioral, substance abuse problems and they were certified as an adult.
The Nevada Supreme Court declared presumptive certification to be an unconstitutional violation of an individual's ___th Amendment rights as the individual basically had two choices: 1) Admit guilt even though that admission could be used against them in juvenile or adult proceedings; or 2) proceed to criminal court dispute emotional, behavioral, or substance abuse problems.
The Nevada Supreme Court declared __________________ to be an unconstitutional violation of an individual's 5th Amendment rights as the individual basically had two choices: 1) Admit guilt even though that admission could be used against them in juvenile or adult proceedings; or 2) proceed to criminal court dispute emotional, behavioral, or substance abuse problems.
Juveniles can still be tried as adults using ________________certification which requires approval from a judge after prosecutors make their case based on factors such a s seriousness of the crime, threat to public safety, and the juvenile's criminal history.
A _________ can order a psychological assessment in order to determine whether the minor should be tried in juvenile or criminal court.
Juvenile courts have more discretion in placing adolescents in ______________programs appropriate to their needs.
Adult problems, i.e., prisons and other facilities are not suited to the adolescents needs and may __________chances of institutionalization.
Adult problems, i.e., prisons and other facilities are ________ suited to the adolescents needs and may increase chances of institutionalization.
Placement in adult facilities constitutes __________rather than rehabilitation and likely increases recidivism.
competent to stand trial
In order to participate in delinquency hearing a juvenile must be ________________; similar to adults.
Juveniles are less effective participants in proceedings due to ________________ issues.
___________is not sufficient to determine competency.
_________________, i.e., ability to make decisions, weigh alternatives and understand consequences, are more prominent.
Dusky standard is necessary but not ___________to determine competency in minors.
There is a more __________ need for structured interviews with various legal terms and scenarios to help judge the adolescent's decision making capabilities.
Other factors include___________mental illness or intellectual impairment as well as educational level for determining competence to stand trial.
Evidence suggests that many juveniles cannot understand their _____________rights.
Juveniles have the same constitutional rights against __________ as adults.
Research strongly suggests that _________ often encourage juveniles to cooperate with police, answer questions and confess.
Adolescents are more amenable to coercive pressure from ___________ figures.
_____________Miranda rights is only valid if made willingly, knowingly, and intelligently.
Research has indicated that age and __________ are strong indicators of Miranda competence.
Research has indicated that ____and suggestibility are strong indicators of Miranda competence.
Grisso recommends use of standardized_____________ in performing assessments to waive Miranda rights.
Juvenile has the right to __________ notice of charges against them.
Juvenile has the right to confront and cross‐examine _________.
Juvenile has the privilege against _______________.
Juvenile has the right to the assistance of a __________ in their defense.
Guardianship of minors, abandonment, abuse hearings, and neglect hearings are other___________ court functions.
In spite of a trend towards punitiveness and accountability on the part of juveniles who commit crimes, the juvenile justice system n most states continue to be ________ in orientation.
Are all types of _________ models: Group homes, Therapeutic boarding schools, Outpatient substance abuse treatment. Wilderness programs. Detention facilities and Multimodal approach.
The majority of programs have _____ been submitted to empirical investigation
Research results are often disappointing in assessing effectiveness, particularly for programs based in _________ settings.
Research results are often _______ in assessing effectiveness, particularly for programs based in residential settings.
Strong need for _________ based treatment.
Common features of effective programs include c________- _________ f________.
Common features of effective programs include m_______- g_____.
Common features of effective programs include f_____ t_________.
Common features of effective programs include c_______m ______.
social skills training
Common features of effective programs include s_______ s______ t_________.
Common features of effective programs include f_________-u___ c__________.