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chapter 13 questions
Terms in this set (14)
How did nationalism, imperialism, and militarism help set the stage for World War 1?
Nationalism can serve as a unifying force within a country. Imperialism in their sense of rivalry and mistrust of one another deepened. Militarism is having military power and keeping an army prepared for war.
Why was the Balkans known as the "powder keg of Europe"?
The Balkans was known as the "powder keg of Europe" because they had a long history of nationalists uprising and ethic clashes.
Why was the first Battle of the Marne considered so significant?
The first battle of the Marne was considered so significant because Germans left the Schieffen plan in ruins and a quick victory in the west no longer seemed possible.
Where was the Western Front? Where was the Eastern Front?
The Western Front deadlocked the region in northern France. teh Eastern Front is the stretch of battlefield along the German and Russian border.
What were the characteristics of trench warfare?
Characteristics of trench warfare are:muddy, terrain covered with bodies, soldiers fighting in terrible conditions, rats, depression, rain, and soldiers full of rain.
What was the purpose of the Galipoli campaign?
The purpose of the Galipoli Campaign was a strategic attempt to open a sea route to the Black Sea to aid Russia in WW1. To do this the Allies had to secure the seaway from land based artillery.
What factors prompted the United States to enter the war?
The factor that prompted the United States to enter the war because of Germany's policy of unrestricted submarine warfare. Germany sunk the British passenger ship Lusitania, killing 125 Americans, and Germany asked mexico to attack the US.
In what ways was World War I a "total war"?
A total war is one in which the entire resources and population of a nation are utilized to fight the enemy army.
What was the purpose of the League of Nations?
The purpose of the League of Nations was to be an international association to keep peace among the nations.
What was the mandate system, and why did it leave so many groups feeling betrayed?
The Mandate System was meant to prepare the "natives" of various regions for self-government. Some felt left-out because it granted mandates to only some.
What are long term causes of WW1?
Long term causes of WW1 are militarism, alliances, imperialism, and nationalism.
Immediate causes of WW1
Tensions over territory in the Balkans. Austira-Hungary competed with Serbia and Russia for territory and influence int he region and they pulled the rest of the Great Powers into the conflict through their various aliances and treaties. Assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand and wife. Triggered war between Serbia and Austro-Hungary.
Immediate effects of WW1
Germany got mad and became broke, Austro-Hungary was annexed, and there was new border and state changes
Long term effects of World War 1
World War 2 and the Great Depression
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