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Ch. 6 and 7: Definitions
Terms in this set (28)
The damaging rain polluted with sulfuric acid (H2SO4) produced by the combination of sulfur trioxide (SO3) from sulfur-based fossil fuel emissions and water (H2O).
Carbon Dioxide (CO2)
CO2 is a colorless, odorless gas that is a natural component of Earth's atmosphere and a gas required for plant respiration.
The capacity of a given environment (with a given technology and culture) to support people indefinitely.
Areas of publicly owned space open for general use
The rapid destruction of forests, especially tropical forests, leading to pollution of the atmosphere and ruining of the soil.
The increase of extremely arid land resulting in changing weather patterns after deforestation.
The complex interconnections of
plants, animals, and the Earth's physical and chemical factors comprise a "system" of interrelated elements.
The total loss of a species or type
of living organism.
The small, but regular and significant, increase in the Earth's temperature.
The atmospheric gases most responsible for global warming: CO2, methane, ozone and chlorofluorocarbons. These gases decrease the natural loss of heat energy into space.
Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
Also known as the UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea), this United Nations supported treaty of 1994 established general rules for conduct in the oceans within varying distances of the coastal outlines of ocean bordered states
The medical condition caused by a diet lacking in sufficient calories and balanced nourishment
The thinning of the ozone (O3) level in the lower stratosphere, especially near the poles.
clean, safe drinking water
Poisons in the environment that cause sickness or death to people, animals, or plants.
United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)
The UN-based IGO created in 1972 that monitors the world's environments.
World Health Organizaion (WHO)
One of the original UN IGOs, created in 1948, and charged with monitoring and promoting human health throughout the world.
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
An infectious disease first recognized by the CDC in 1981 that has become one of the world's major health problems.
The approach to environmental and health issues that advocates applying technology suitable to the cultures and environments of the people involved.
Also known as the World Commission on Environment & Development (WCED), the BC was established by the UN in 1983. In 1987 it issued "Our Common Future" ("OCF"), a report describing the state of the world's environment & proposed solutions
Emerging infectious diseases
The new contagious diseases that have spread widely in recent years.
Promoted by the Rockefeller Foundation and Nobel laureate N. E. Bourlaug, this development approach to agriculture focuses on transferring high-technology farming techniques to the developing world
A highly contagious,
pulmonary disease that appears yearly in virtually all countries, mutates easily and so resists solution by any single vaccine.
Intellectual property rights (IPRs)
The legal concept that extends "ownership" beyond the idea of physical property to include abstract ideas, knowledge, and creative achievements
A disease that passes from human to human and spreads in communities in at least two countries in different WHO regions
A centuries-old, highly contagious deadly disease that was officially contained in the 1980s. It once killed millions around the world.
The concept that solutions to
environmental and health problems should be planned for long-term success and thereby should also anticipate any negative consequences they might cause.
The concept that development projects must be designed to improve the lives of future generations as much as the lives of the contemporary people for whom the project is originally proposed.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Ch. 6 and 7: Connections
Ch. 6 and 7: Examples
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Ch. 8 and 9: Definitions
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