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WFS 100 Final
Terms in this set (100)
U.S. human population is
Global human population is
The global human population is expected to reach ______________ by 2050.
The U.S. population is expected to increase by ______________ by 2043.
More people generally means good things for wildlife. True or False (circle one)
_____________________ will be a key strategy to sustaining healthy fish and wildlife populations in the future.
Educate the public & policymakers about science-based wildlife management and conservation
Author Richard Louv coined the following term, describing the American public's growing disconnect from nature (i.e. primarily due to urbanization and the associated "distractions")
Nature Deficit Disorder
This disconnect from nature has resulted in 2 major problems. These include:
The growth of non-science-based animal rights groups, the decline in sportsmen and women
and their financial contributions
__________ of the world's mammals, __________ of its amphibians, __________ of its birds, __________ of its marine corals, and a __________ of its freshwater fishes are currently threatened with extinction.
quarter, third, 13%, quarter, quarter
Some scientists estimate that the average global temperature may increase by _____ to _____ degrees Farenheight by 2100.
Wildlife scientists need to start planning for changes in seasonal __________________ patterns and _______________ _______________ rise.
weather, sea level
Congress recommended a _____________ percent cut in funding for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in FY2013.
The University of Tennessee still maintains traditional ____________________ and __________ - ___________ experience for students!
curricula, hands on
The wildlife profession is extremely diverse, and reflects the increasingly multi-ethnic and multi- cultural character of the North American continent.
Around _____________ percent of the leadership in the wildlife field is slated to retire in the next decade.
Non-native __________________ species are threatening biodiversity across the globe.
Invasive species cost the U.S. economy an estimated _____ annually.
The Wildlife Society are advocates for maintaining healthy populations of free-ranging house cats, feral horses, and feral swine since they are "naturalized" and now part of naturally functioning ecosystems.
Diseases are not a major threat to fish and wildlife populations today due to modern medicine and the advancement of wildlife veterinary care.
Which two groups of wildlife have the greatest potential for wildlife-human conflicts?
Large carnivores and Large ungulates
Human alteration of the environment and the removal of predators have caused overpopulation in which of the following
White-tailed deer and Snow geese
Based on the last sentence in the article, _______________ will be absolutely necessary to successfully conserve our natural resources for future generations.
The first nationwide conservation movement began in the
Aldo Leopold believed which of the following
Landscapes can be managed to meet wildlife's habitat requirement, especially if the manager
understands and respects the land.
At the inception of the conservation movement, its underlying thesis was to do
Save species from extinction
Soil and plant _______________________ are the building blocks, which determine plant and animal life, both wild and domesticated, and likewise the quality and quantity of human satisfactions to be derived.
The Wildlife Society, which formalized the scientific approach to wildlife conservation in America, started in which year
What is the name of the professional, scientific journal published by The Wildlife Society?
Journal of Wildlife Mgmt
The Wildlife Society launched a new professional, scientific publication as an outlet for papers on wildlife management, law enforcement, education, opinion, and human dimensions. These papers can be found in which one of the following?
Wildlife Society Bulletin
The Wildlife Society produces a magazine containing news and analysis designed to keep today's wildlife professionals informed about critical advances in wildlife science, conservation, management, and policy. What is the title of the magazine?
The Wildlife Professional
The Certified Wildlife Biologist program was voted on and approved in which year
Specific wildlife education standards and professional wildlife work- related experience are the two keys to becoming a Certified Wildlife Biologist through TWS.
Which of these people was one of the first to create wildlife food plots for game animals?
Genghis Khan 1162-1227
Based on the reading, a job in the wildlife profession (including fisheries) is not just a mere job, but a
Commitment beyond _________________________ is required to produce biologists who continuously become all that they can be.
Another facet of natural resource management is ________________________, which is not well understood nor as skillfully practiced as it should be.
If wildlife (including fish) does not produce income, there is apt to be a continuing loss of wildlife habitat and wildlife.
Therefore, biologists cannot be completely effective without possessing and exercising good ________________________ skills.
The professional is always in the process of ________________________, thus it should not end with a university diploma.
Too often people can't hear us because of how we ________________________, ________________________, or ________________________.
we dress, act, talk
The Wildlife Society gives voice and definition to our profession. There is strength in ________________________, which means that we can do more for the wildlife resource as we ban together versus going it alone.
Rather than trying to figure out how this profession can benefit you, a true professional identifies their strengths and uses them to benefit the resource and the profession as a whole.
Professional involvement is a required ________________________ beyond employment.
The men and women profiled above demonstrated passionate interest in the natural world at young ages. Some were avid hunters, trappers and anglers, while others were __________________ and collectors of __________________ and eggs.
What is The Wildlife Society's highest honorary award?
Aldo Leopold Memory Award
What are the titles to Aldo Leopold's two most famous books?
sand county almanac, land ethic
The work of wildlife conservation occurs only because dedicated professionals apply their ____________, ____________, and ____________ to the task
hands, hearts, minds
Which 2 individuals provided the catalyst for the fledgling wildlife profession during the 1930s?
Aldo Leopold, Jay Norwood Darling (Ding)
Today, approximately _______ % of wildlife majors in the United States have never hunted a day in their lives.
State and federal wildlife agencies have actually acknowledged that it is a problem when employees do not have hunting backgrounds, especially when attempting to regulate and/or manage those activities.
Dr. Scott Craven at the University ___________________________ started a program to help wildlife students understand hunting and its role in wildlife conservation.
__________________ ________________ for Tomorrow is a professional development program designed for student and professional leaders within the natural resource sciences. It focuses on hunting awareness and conservation education among academic programs and government agencies.
Students pursuing careers in wildlife management reflect the trend of an increasingly ______________ society.
Anti-hunting organizations & groups are putting some state wildlife agencies in impossible positions of trying to please everyone.
Hunter distrust of state wildlife agencies is a growing issue.
Hunters, along with other consumptive users such as anglers and trappers, foot the bill for state wildlife conservation efforts administered by TWRA.
The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation helps sustain not only game species, but all wildlife and their habitats across the continent.
Early settlers (English and French) of the United States came from cultures where wildlife was treated as private property in many cases, and hunting was an activity set aside for aristocrats.
In the United States and Canada, wildlife belong to the public and are managed under the public trust doctrine.
Recreational hunters pushed for laws and regulations to prevent exploitation of wildlife.
_______________ hunters trade or sell dead wildlife (and/or their parts) as a source of income.
Yellowstone National Park was established by Congress in 1872, yet the Army still had to take over its administration and stop rampant poaching in __________. This was symbolic of the desperate measures necessary to protect remnant wildlife populations from extinction during this timeframe.
Which organization's purpose was originally to "take charge of all matters pertaining to the enactment and carrying out of game and fish laws"
Boone and Crockett Club
Which law was created to prevent trade in illegally harvested wildlife across state lines?
Lacey Act 1900
Which law was created to protect migratory birds from egg and nest collectors, and unregulated hunting?
Migratory Bird Treaty Act 1916
Who wrote the American Game Policy in 1930, outlining a broad vision to better protect, restore, manage and conserve wildlife resources in America?
Aldo Leopold and others
Which of the following is not one of the 7 sisters of the North American Model of Wildlife Conservation?
federal protection of all wildlife
Which of the 7 sisters (the seven underlying principles of the Model) is considered to be the "heart" or center of the conservation model?
wildlife as public trust resource
It is important that wildlife biologists recognize, and can intelligently convey, the numerous benefits our wildlife resources contribute to society.
Which wildlife species largely determined the architecture, dress, language, arts, and religion of the Plains Indian?
The split-rail value is best described by which of the following examples
A boy builds a box trap and catches his first cottontail; His grandma agrees to help him
prepare it for supper
Based on our reliance for natural resources for survival and the reading assignment, which of these provides the foundation of life?
The conquest of nature by ______________________ has led to much unnecessary destruction of resources.
Which of these represents the "gadgeteer"?
The sporting goods dealer
Most hunters, anglers, and trappers are becoming less and less driven by mechanization today.
Land management for wildlife is similar to farming, rather, the "crop" is not tomatoes but bobwhite quail for example.
The new sport that Leopold refers to in the reading is which of the following:
The real game is decoding the messages written on the face of the ____________________
What did Leopold consider to be the most important job confronting the wildlife profession in 1943?
the promotion of wildlife research sports
Interest in all animals, but particularly wildlife and the outdoors. Extreme satisfaction in direct, personal contact with wilderness.
Interest in animals and nature as objects of beauty or of symbolic significance. Attracted to animal sporting activities and wildlife in action to enhance the artistic display and appeal.
Active avoidance of animals due to indifference, dislike, fear, and/or superstition. Live in a people-centered world, with little or no empathy toward animals and the natural world.
Great concern for the treatment and welfare of domestic and wild animals. Maintains a sense of equality between humans and animals. Stands in opposition to hunting, trapping, zoos, rodeos, horse racing, etc.
Animals are regarded more as physical objects for study, with little personal attraction to pets, wildlife, or the natural environment.
Strong personal affection for individuals (pets) rather than wildlife. But maintains a general concern for the well-being of all animals, wildlife included.
Satisfaction from control and/or a desire to master animals. Trophy hunting, rodeos, and obedience training from the standpoint of pure mastery are examples.
Interest in practical use and material benefit of animals (to humans). Animals should be put to good use, rather being kept or cared for as only companions or friends.
Primary concern for the overall environment and interrelationships between wild species and natural habitats.
The Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency (TWRA) employs more than ____ wildlife officers.
The minimum qualifications for an entry level wildlife officer position with TWRA is
4-year degree in a related field of study
The Tennessee Hunter Education Program has been in existence since
Approximately ____________ students have successfully completed the TN Hunter Education class.
Which best describes the "take home" message from the hunter education course?
Safety, respect, responsibility
The Wildlife Society officially incorporated the "student member" category into its bylaws in which year?
To encourage networking and information exchange among student chapters, TWS supports student __________________________, which are regional meetings that draw students from area universities and colleges to get training in field techniques, interact with working professionals, and engage in a little friendly competition.
Which Working Group within TWS works to prepare students for professional wildlife careers?
Student Development Working Group
The annual meeting held by TWS, which provides meaningful student engagement opportunities, is called ____________________.
TWS Annual Conference
In 2010, TWS launched a state-of-the-art online ________________________ Program, to help student members develop professional connections with mentors and additional contacts, access relevant information, and help guide students into the profession.
TWS has ramped up its social networking sites such as The Wildlife Society Blog, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and Linked In. The Blog is called _________________.
TWS recognizes that university wildlife education should never remain stagnant, primarily because student backgrounds and international wildlife conservation challenges are constantly evolving.
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