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American Government Chapter 3 Section 1 Terms

63-67
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Article
One of seven main divisions of the body of the Constitution
Jurisdiction
the authority of a court to rule on a certain case
Supremacy Clause
statement in the Article VI of the Constitution establishing that the constitution, laws passed by Congress, and treaties of the United States "shall be the supreme Law of the Land."
Amendment
A change to the constitution
Popular Sovereignty
Rule by the people
Federalism
a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Separation of Powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Checks and Balances
the system where each branch of government exercises some control over the others.
Veto
Rejection of a bill.
Judicial Review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional.