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One of seven main divisions of the body of the Constitution


the authority of a court to rule on a certain case

Supremacy Clause

statement in the Article VI of the Constitution establishing that the constitution, laws passed by Congress, and treaties of the United States "shall be the supreme Law of the Land."


A change to the constitution

Popular Sovereignty

Rule by the people


a system in which power is divided between the national and state governments

Separation of Powers

the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government

Checks and Balances

the system where each branch of government exercises some control over the others.


Rejection of a bill.

Judicial Review

the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional.

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