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Study Questions for Pacific Northwest History

Essay: Describe the Hudson's Bay Company's operations in the PNW.

Oldest commercial corporation in North America whose focus was on fur trading. They owned and operated many retail stores throughout the US and Canada, they owned 15% of the land with their home base in Ontario.

Essay: Discuss the impact of the coming of white men on the Indians of the PNW

-Benefits: kettles, buttons, steak knives, guns/ammo (whites had upper hand on Indians), and fur trading.
-Negatives: White men diseases (small pox, measles, flu), made Indians dependent on white men because they had the cure. Made unfair land claims and forced Indians out.

Essay: What does "hinterland" mean when we speak about the PNW?

Underdeveloped place, economically vulnerable to forces beyond its control

Essay: Why is it somewhat mislearding to refer to the PNW as "lightly populated" according to the text?

-Most of the region remains uninhabited or are only lightly populated. In the 90's, the population in LA totaled the entire population of the PNW. It may not seem like its lightly populated, but there are mostly thick areas of people like around the Puget Sound for example.

Essay: Compare and contrast how the Catholics and Protestants treated or dealt with the Indians of the PNW

Both tried to convert Indians by others. Conversion/changing Indians to white customs (mostly Protestant. Started schools). Catholics: priests, single men + single women. Protestant: families

Essay: Explain the phrase "The trip around the Great Falls"

Hike/drag canoes on land around falls (after walking to see if correct). People were exhausted and dehydrated. They kept going and made it around, more mountains and no river.

Essay: What was the 'scorched earth' policy? who implemented it and why?

Kit Carson implemented this policy against Indian tribes like the Najavo and the Utes. They did this to push them out of their land so it could be US territory. This was effective because the Indians couldn't come back to their homes.

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