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Film: From Watching to Seeing, Third Edition, Chapter 5
Terms in this set (25)
A special effects technique, sometimes called a traveling matte, in which actors perform in front of a blue-colored background. The blue is then removed optically or digitally to create a silhouette matte of the actors so that they can be superimposed onto another scene that was filmed separately.
The process of photographing motion; a movie's director of photography is called a cinematographer.
computer-generated imagery (CGI)
Images that are created by means of a computer instead of—or possibly in conjunction with—paintings and miniatures; often blended with separately shot live-action footage or, in the case of digital animated cartoons, used by itself.
The technique of shooting a scene with nearly everything in focus at the same time, from the extreme foreground to the background.
The process of making colors less intense, through filters or chemical or electronic processes, so that they may appear nearly monochromatic.
A camera setup that is slightly off of a horizontal axis, making the horizon look tilted and often giving an unsettling mood to a scene.
Aiming the camera in a certain way so that only a specific portion of the scene appears within the frame that will appear on screen.
A camera held by the operator instead of being mounted on a a tripod, dolly, or crane, so movements tend to be jerkier, especially if the camera operator is walking.
A lighting style marked by high levels of light, low contrast, and few shadows.
Something that is visible on the screen due to the positioning of the camera.
The glass that focuses an image onto a piece of film or digital imaging sensor.
A lighting style marked by low levels of light, high contrast, and very deep shadows.
A special effects shot in which part of the frame is "matted" or blocked out so that another scene can be inserted later from another piece of film, often of a painting or miniature set. Today, matte shots are usually done digitally on a computer.
A special effects technique in which actors (or stop-motion figures) are filmed in front of a screen showing film of the setting they're supposed to be in; most often used for scenes of characters driving somewhere.
rule of thirds
A concept for aesthetic framing of a scene to create a balanced frame, based on dividing the picture into three areas from left to right and top to bottom.
The view a camera takes from a single position or setup (whether stationary or moving). The term also refers to the portion of a camera take that is used in the finished film. Most scenes are made up of several shots photographed from different angles and distances.
A system of shooting a movie using only one camera, requiring scenes to be staged multiple times, at least once for each new camera setup.
A special effects technique, sometimes called a travelling matte, in which actors perform in front of a green-colored background. The green is then removed optically or digitally to create a silhouette matte of the actors so that they can be superimposed onto another scene that was filmed separately.
A gyroscopic body brace designed so that a camera operator can achieve handheld shots with movements as smooth as those on a dolly.
A process of photographing model figures one frame at a time while changing their position slightly each time, so that they appear to be in motion when played back.
A complex technology developed in the late 1910s but discontinued in the 1950s after color film became available. Technicolor employed a special camera using colored filters with panchromatic black-and-white film in a specially designed camera, and later mechanically superimposed vivid color dyes onto a clear strip of film, one for each of the two complementary or three primary colors recorded in the original photography.
A system of shooting that allows actors to perform uninterrupted, as onstage; action is recorded on film or video from three or more cameras simultaneously.
A lighting style based upon three primary sources of light: a bright "key light" and slightly dimmer "fill light" to the upper right and left sides of the camera, aiming at the subject to create a three-dimensional appearance with soft shadows, and a "back light" placed behind the subject to create a rim of light that separates if from the background.
Shots made while the camera is moving on a dolly or on special tracks, usually to follow moving characters or to bring the audience closer to or further from the action.
A silhouette of moving objects or characters, which may be painstakingly traced by artists onto clear film and sandwiched against the negative in bipack printing or created optically or digitally through the use of a blue screen or green screen process.