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AP Comparative Gov UK Terms
Terms in this set (76)
referendum: voters rank candidates on ballot by preference
Legislators who do not hold leadership positions within their party caucus or conference.
Published during WWII, it suggested a social insurance program that made all citizens eligible for health, unemployment, pension, and other benefits.
British statesman who became prime minister in 1997 (born in 1953) LABOUR
British Broadcasting Corporation
Largest broadcasting and newsgathering organization in the world. Founded in 1922 and since 1927 under governmental charter and publicly funded, this entity is supposed to be "free from both political and commercial influence and answer only to its viewers and listeners"
British National Party
formed in 1982, never been represented in Parliament, previously has been overly anti-Semitic but has recently focused against the presence of Muslims in GB, received 1.9% of the vote in 2010 and failed to win any seats
This British politician was born in 1951 and served as Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1997 to 2007. A member of Parliament since 1983, name the current British prime minister, successor of Tony Blair.
Conservative who became Prime Minister following the 2010 election
meetings where political parties chose their candidates
a political culture in which citizens widely share a belief in the legitimacy of their regime and a trust in the government; therefore the citizens demonstrate restraint in their demands on the government
The controversial clause in the Labour Party manifesto that called for nationalization of all British industry. This clause was eliminated by Party leader Tony Blair as part of his realignment to "New Labour" during the early 1990's.
Leader of the Liberal Democrats since 2007. His party is underrepresented in Parliament compared to the number of votes they received
A government controlled by a temporary alliance of several political parties
Cross-party British support for the welfare state that lasted until the late 1970s.
in a parliamentary system, the concept that all cabinet members agree on policy decisions and that all will be responsible for the results
Confederation of Business Industries
the UK's leading business organization, speaking for some 240,000 businesses; incorporated by the Royal charter; mission is to promote the conditions in which businesses of all sizes and sectors in the UK can compete and prosper for the benefit of all
Britain's most important right-of-center party, in power more often than not for two centuries
Constitution of the Crown
the "constitution" of Britain that evolved over time
Cultures and ethnic groups are mixed within a region
Democratic Unionist Party
led by protestant clergymen, The Protestant Party in Northern Ireland that is for keeping Northern Ireland in the UK
An effort to shirft responsibility of domestic programs to the states in order to decrease the size & activites of the fed. govt; some states have attempted to shift responsibilities further to local govts
The English Bill of Rights
Document where english parliament became supreme authority
People opposed to the UK's membership in the EU and the expansion of the EU's power.
Electoral system based on single-member districts in which the candidate who receives the most votes wins.
The Glorious Revolution
The English Parliament drove out an absolute monarch and replaced him with two constitutional monarch's William and Mary
consists of the members of parliament on the first rows of the majority party side
A policy which involves taking slow, measured actions
members of the House of Lords appointed by the monarch and whose title automatically passes down to their sons.
a parliament in which no single party has majority control in the House of Commons
Irish Republican Army
a militant organization of Irish nationalists who used terrorism and guerilla warfare in an effort to drive British forces from Northern Ireland and achieve a united independent Ireland
Margaret Thatcher, the ex-PM of England in the 1980's. Known to be very tough, decisive, and efficient. Executed business-like tactics. Cut taxes, small government, trickle down economy.
An economic theory based on the thoughts of British economist John Maynard Keynes, holding that central banks should adjust interest rates and governments should use deficit spending and tax policies to increase purchasing power and hence prosperity.
British political party founded in 1900 with the help of trade unions to represent the interests of the urban working class
5 included in the chamber who until 2009 served as Britain's highest court of appeals but they could never rule acts of Parliament unconstitutional
Liberal Democratic Alliance
party that garnered 26% of popular vote in the 1980s but, because of GB's plurality system, never got more than 62 seats in the House of Commons.
A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property. This ideology, derived from the Enlightenment, was especially popular among the property-owning middle classes.
Lords appointed for lifetime to the House of Lords
In this type of government everyone, including all authority figures, must obey laws. Constitutions, statements of rights, or other laws define the limits of those in power so they cannot take advantage of the elected, appointed, or inherited positions.
A role that the party out of power plays, highlighting its objections to policies and priorities of the government in power.
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lackland" of Englad was forced to sign; it made the king obey the same laws as the citizens of his kingdom
Current Leader of the Labour Party and serves as opposition to the majority party
a term coined by Lydon Johnson's top economic advisor that adds together the unemployment and inflation rates to give a rough measurement of how the economy is doing.
An economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion.
Areas that had once been many nations that are now united under one government
A system of social democratic policy making in which a limited number of organizations representing business and labor work with the state to set economic policy.
A strategy for economic development that calls for free markets, balanced budgets, privatization, free trade, and minimal government intervention in the economy.
the obligation of those of high rank to be honorable and generous (often used ironically)
An organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum.
a combination of the universities Oxford and Cambridge, where nearly half of all parliament members earn higher education
A system of government in which the legislature selects the prime minister or president.
the nationalist party in Wales that advocates more rights for the Welsh people, including use of the Welsh language
Plurality Voting System
electoral process in which the candidate who polls more votes than any other candidate is elected.
Politics of Protest
A growing tendency in Britain to disagree openly, and sometimes violently with the government
An election system in which each party running receives the proportion of legislative seats corresponding to its proportion of the vote.
Quasi-nongovernmental organization. These organizations have considerable amount of influence over policy making in health care, education and housing.
a period during a parliamentary session when members of Parliament may ask questions of the ministers
Legitimacy based on a system of laws and procedures that are highly institutionalized.
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
Districts in which incumbents win by margins of 55 percent or more.
Scottish National Party
centre-left political party which campaigns for Scottish independence, most popular party in scotland
In systems like Britain's, the official leadership of the opposition party that "shadows" the cabinet.
An Irish republican political movement founded in 1905 to promote independence from England and unification of Ireland
Also the principle of "friendship" or "social charity"; manifested first in the distribution of goods and the remuneration of work
Speaker of the House
Non-partisan officer who presides over the House of Commons
The economic policy of British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher. Reduced state economic power and introduced free market and privatization with certain constraints. Deregulated the UK's market.
The Third Way
political belief system of a compromise between capitalism and socialism; supported by the Labor Party (Tony Blair and Gordon Brown)
A member of a British political party, founded in 1689, that was the opposition party to the Whigs and has been known as the Conservative Party since about 1832
Trade Union Congress
represents a coalition of unions that had a great deal of clout because the government often consulted them on important decisions
Leadership by those from a monarchy or from the qualified upper classes.
UK Independence Party
slightly more popular than the British National Party, this party is opposed to British membership in the EU.
a centralized government in which all government powers belong to a single central agency
Vote of No Confidence
Vote taken by a legislature as to whether its members continue to support the current prime minister. Depending on the country, a vote of no confidence can force the resignation of the prime minister and/or lead to new parliamentary elections.
A government that undertakes responsibility for the welfare of its citizens through programs in public health and public housing and pensions and unemployment compensation etc.
conservatives and popular with pro-Bank people and plantation owners. They mainly came from the National Republican Party, which was once largely Federalists. They took their name from the British political party that had opposed King George during the American Revolution. Their policies included support of industry, protective tariffs, and Clay's American System. They were generally upper class in origin. Included Clay and Webster
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