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English Rhetorical Terms 1-75
Terms in this set (51)
Essentially any sentence with active verb "planted"
In an argument, this is an attack on the person rather than on the opponent's ideas.
A reference to another work of literature, person, or event
repetition of the last word of one clause begins the following clause- ... pursued the men. The men ... their nightmares. The nightmares...
A comparison of two different things that are similar in some way
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses-I will fight I will fight
Reversal of the usual, normal, or logical order of the parts of a sentence. Purpose is rhythm or emphasis or euphony.-poison Apple she ate to her gave cramps...
Observation or claim that's opposite of yours or the author's claim-drilling of Wells or divert water from the river
a brief statement of an opinion or elemental truth-easily crack'd and never well mended
a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction, prayer like
A noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it- the dragon, a large creature with glittering green scales
Argument from Ignorance
an argument stating that something is true because it has never been proven false
omission of conjunctions from a series of related independent clauses- all the orcs ate the food, broke the dishes, trashed the hall
A fallacy which assumes that because something is popular, it is therefore good, correct, or desirable.
begging the question
Argument occurs when speaker states a claim that includes a word/phrase that needs to be defined.
cause and effect
The reason something happens and the result of it happening.
a rhetorical or literary figure in which words, grammatical constructions, or concepts are repeated in reverse order, in the same or a modified form! ABBA form instead of standard ABAB
A sentence with one independent clause and at least one dependent clause- if u walk to the top of the tower, you will find a sacred...
a sentence with two or more coordinate independent clauses, often joined by one or more conjunctions- don't open the door or a deadly smell will kill you
a combination of a compound and a complex sentence
an idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning.
a basic statement or an assertion; the most common type of sentence
a form of logical argumentation that uses claims or premises, where the author assumes that you will accept the claims as true and that you will then deduce the correct conclusion from the accepted premises at the outset
The dictionary definition of a word
Repetition of initial consonant sounds
Contains noun and verb but set up w/subordinate conjunction-incomplete thought
Regional speech pattern changes around world
Particular words used in essay
Possible answer-seems to be correct but is wrong/has better answers
Three dots meaning word has been left out of quotation
Like chiasmus-repeats opening word/statement, but not in ABBA reversal-common sense not so common
Endings of series of lines,phrases,sentences with same word or words-of people by people for people
Appeal to credibility
Study of origin of words
Use of safer or nicer word for something others find inappropriate
Conveys excitement or force
Failure of logic reasoning-spot when someone is not making sense
Argument using inappropriate metaphor-earth is like a watch-Watch made earth made
Suggestion that problem only has two solutions
Verb ending in "ing" that serves as noun-stabbing
Exaggeration- give 1000%
Any time one of five senses is evoked by what you read
A command-you will
Clause that can stand alone as a sentence-with noun and verb-magicians rabbit died
Form of logical argumentation that requires use of examples-like science
The word "to" plus a verb- to reach
A question- to reach home, do I turn left or right?
Words to express something other than the literal meaning-gone to find myself
Pattern of speech and vocabulary associated with particular group of people
Marking one idea more dramatic by placing next to its opposite-my goodness is often chastened by my sense of sin
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