Culture & Society Ch. 13

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Terms in this set (...)

Kingdom
A centralized political organization with the king as the paramount leader.
Influence
Ability to have an effect on the activities of others and on the decisions taken by others.
- based on an individual's personal characteristics of intelligence, skill, oratory, and charisma.
Associations
Sociopolitical groups that link people in a community on the basis of shared interests and skills.
States
Highly organized, centralized political systems with a hierarchical structure of authority.
Social control
Informal and formal mechanisms in society through which people's actions are controlled and social norms or laws are enforced.
age grade (age set)
A sociopolitical association of people of more or less similar age who are given specific social functions.
Theocracies
Societies ruled by religious leaders, in which the social order is upheld through beliefs in its divine origin or sanction.
Confederacy
form of political organization in which tribes and bands join together under common leadership to face an external threat.
Tribes
Societies with some degree of formalization of structure and leadership, including villageand intervillage councils whose members regularly meet to settle disputes and plan community activities.
Authority
Ability to affect the activities and decisions of others based not only on one's personal characteristics but also because of one's social role.
Political organization
The ways in which societies are organized to plan group activities, make decisions affecting members of the group, select leadership, and settle disputes both within the group and with other groups.
Empires
States expanded into larger units through conquest and the occupation or annexation of new territories.
Bands
Small, loosely organized groups of people held together by informal means.
Political anthropology
The study of the ways that communities plan group actions, make decisions affecting the group, select leadership, and resolve conflicts and disputes both within the group and with other groups.
Republics state
societies with elected rather than inherited leadership.
Power
The ability to exert control over the actions of other people and to make decisions that affect them.
primogeniture
A system of inheritance of leadership in which the eldest child (usually the eldest son) automatically inherits the position of leadership from his or her parent.
Terrorism
Acts of violence perpetrated by private citizens against groups within their own country or against a foreign country without the cover and sanction of a state-declared war.