Culture & Society Ch. 14

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Terms in this set (...)

Deference
Nonthreatening verbal and nonverbal behaviors that convey respect or subordination to others.
Witchcraft
A belief system that functions as a mechanism of social control by channeling anger toward others.
Negative sanctions
punishments for offending social norms
Informal Sanctions
Rewards and punishments expressed through praise, ridicule, gossip, and the like.
Warfare
Armed aggression and hostilities between groups.
postconflict reconciliation
Patterned behavior that occurs immediately after conflict has erupted and taken its course, to restore some measure of social harmony.
Song Duels
Inuit contests in which conflict is expressed and resolved through public response to music.
Blood Feud
Ongoing conflict between kin groups or communities, based on vengeance.
politeness strategies
Behaviors designed to mute antagonisms and avoid overt hostility by affirming common bonds and recognizing another person's rights and feelings.
Conflict Avoidance
Prosocial behaviors, such as reconciliation, consolation, politeness, or apology, to repair social relationships without aggression.
Positive Sanctions
Recognition and rewards for observing social norms.
Peacemakers
Individuals with a specialized social role of preventing conflict from erupting into dangerous combat.
Vengeance
Aggression against others, based on the principle of revenge.
Formal Sanctions
Rewards and punishments administered by persons in authority, the state, or the law.
dominance hierarchies
In primate groups, social hierarchies established on the basis of sex and age.
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